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Potiphar (or Potifar) (Hebrew: פּוֹטִיפַר  ; Egyptian: p-di-p-rʿ ; "the one whom Ra gave") was an Egyptian court official and chief of Pharaoh's bodyguard. He was Joseph's master for a time, and was a man of considerable wealth.[1] His title, "court official" translates the Hebrew word sa•ris΄, literally meaning "eunuch", but which in its broader usage meant a chamberlain, courtier or trusted officer of the throne.

When Potiphar's wife tried to seduce Joseph, he resisted the temptation but was accused of the offense anyway and jailed by Potiphar.


  1. Gen. 37:36; 39:4