Presbyterian Church in America
The Presbyterian Church in America (PCA) was founded in 1973 in opposition to liberal trends within the Presbyterian Church in the United States (PCUS).
The United Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (UPCUSA) and the Presbyterian Church in the United States (PCUS) merged in 1983, creating one of American Protestantism's largest church bodies, the Presbyterian Church (USA). Viewed as the leader of liberal Presbyterianism today, it is opposed by the Presbyterian Church in America and a collection of smaller churches.
The PCA professes adherence to the Westminster Standards and is strongly influenced by Fundamentalism. Overall, it is generally more moderate than the Orthodox Presbyterian Church, but the two denominations enjoy good fraternal relations and share many similarities in doctrine and worship.
The PCA is by far the largest of the conservative Presbyterian churches in the United States, with nearly 350,000 members. The leading seminary for the PCA is the Covenant Theological Seminary in St. Louis, Missouri.
As is characteristic of Reformed Churches, the Presbyterian churches have used, and continue to use, a system of elected representation (elders and deacons).
- Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), the larger but more liberal denomination.