Qumran was an isolated Essene community located near the Dead Sea from before the time of Jesus until the Jewish revolt and Roman reoccupation around 70 A.D. The Essenes believed in separating themselves from general society. It is most famous for the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the earliest copies of books of the Bible ever found.
In 2017, a 12th cave was discovered, showing false a view that only 11 such caves existed, even though the discovered cave no longer had scrolls.
- 12th Dead Sea Scrolls cave discovered in Israel. Fox News. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 9, 2017.