Red-fronted parrot

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Red-fronted Parrot
RedFrontedParrot.jpg
Poicephalus gulielmi fantiensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom Information
Domain Eukaryota
Kingdom Animalia
Subkingdom Bilateria
Branch Deuterostomia
Phylum Information
Phylum Chordata
Sub-phylum Vertebrata
Infraphylum Gnathostomata
Class Information
Superclass Tetrapoda
Class Aves
Sub-class Neornithes
Infra-class Neoaves
Order Information
Superorder Psittacimorphae
Order Psittaciformes
Family Information
Family Psittacidae
Tribe Information
Tribe Psittacini
Genus Information
Genus Poicephalus
Species Information
Species P. gulielmi
Subspecies P. g. fantiensis
P. g. gulielmi
P. g. massaicus
Population statistics
Population Unknown[1]
Conservation status Least concern[2]

The red-fronted parrot (Poicephalus gulielmi), also called the green Congo or Jardine's parrot, is a species of parrot of the family Psittacidae, and found over much of central Africa.

Description

Red-fronted parrots are small, about 11 inches long, and weigh 8.9 to 10.5 ounces. Both sexes are of similar size and appearance. It is predominantly green in color overall, with blackish feathers tipped in green on its upper wings and back; primaries, secondaries, and tail are black. The crown and forehead is colored a reddish-orange, as is the bend of the wings. The lower beak is black throughout, while the upper beak is horn-colored up to the middle of the beak and only dark gray at the tip of its beak. The iris is reddish brown, with the eyes surrounded by a striking white skin ring.

Subspecies

  • Poicephalus gulielmi fantiensis; Liberia to Ivory Coast and Ghana
  • Poicephalus gulielmi gulielmi; Cameroon to northern Angola; eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo; western Uganda
  • Poicephalus gulielmi massaicus; western Kenya, northern Tanzania

Range and habitat

Red-fronted parrots are found in Central Africa, from Ghana and the Ivory Coast eastwards towards Tanzania and Kenya. Red-fronted parrots are less common in the western area of their range than in the central and eastern areas. Their preferred habitat is primary forests and tropical lowland rainforests, which they inhabit from sea level to altitudes of up to 17,500 feet[3]; they have been known to colonize the slopes of high peaks such as Mt. Kilimanjaro, Mt. Elgon and Mt. Kenya.

Threats

The species is cited by the ICUN as "least concern", in part due to its large range and difficulties in getting an accurate count. Red-fronted parrots are among the most frequently exported species of African parrots, with over 43,000 birds recorded to have been caught since 1978[4]. At Mt. Kilimanjaro, trapping operations have led to the species probably being locally extinct there.

References

  1. https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22685291/93066238#population
  2. https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22685291/93066238
  3. https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22685291/93066238#geographic-range
  4. https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/22685291/93066238#threats