Saint Peter's Basilica
Saint Peter's Basilica is the magnificent church in the Vatican, completed under Pope Urban VIII in 1626. The colonnade in Saint Peter’s Square, adorned with an obelisk from the 1st century B.C. in its center, was added a few decades later.
The massive size of Saint Peter’s Basilica can accommodate as many as 20,000 visitors. Its dimensions are 190 meters long, with aisles that are 58 meters wide. Its nave is 45.50 meters high at its peak, and its dome is reaches a height of 136 meters. Mosaics add splendor to the interior, and Michelangelo’s Pieta is there as well.
What is a basilica?
As explained by the Basilica of Sts. Peter & Paul:
|“||a basilica is a church building that has been accorded special privileges by the pope. There are two kinds of basilicas. The world’s four major, or papal, basilicas are St. John Lateran, St. Peter, St. Paul Outside the Walls, and St. Mary Major, all in Rome.||”|
There are hundreds of basilicas around the world, including 69 in the United States.