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Hermann Goering

7 bytes removed, 02:37, March 21, 2013
'''Hermann Goering''' (or Göring; 12 January 1893 - 15 October 1946) was a [[Nazi]] leader. Goering had been a fighter pilot and celebrated [[Flying ace|air ace]] during the [[First World War]], and led the squadron of Manfred von Richthofen (the [[Red Baron]]) after von Richthofen had been killed. Goering scored 22 air victories and was awarded the ''Pour le Mérite'', informally known as the Blue Max.<ref>Hamilton, Charles. ''Leaders and Personalities of the Third Reich'' (1984).</ref>
He joined the [[Nazi]] Party in 1922 and in November 1923 participated in the [[Beer Hall Putsch]] with [[Adolf Hitler]]. He was wounded during the event. Following the failure of the attempted coup he fled to [[Sweden]], returning to [[Germany]] in 1927 under amnesty. He was elected to the [[Reichstag]] in 1928 and became its President on 30 August 1932. Goering founded the [[Gestapo]] in 1933. By 1933, he was seen as the second highest ranking man in the Nazi Party. In 1935, Hitler appointed Goering the commander of the German Air Force (''[[Luftwaffe]]'') , which he led during [[World War II]]. He was also in charge of the [[Four Year Plan]]. In one of the biggest blunders of the war, Goering convinced Hitler not to advance on the trapped allied forces at the [[Battle of Dunkirk]] because he wanted the air force to share in the glory of their destruction. Most of the trapped forces were taken aboard ships to England to fight another day. During the last two years of the war, Goering's power greatly waned and he spent much of his time hunting, collecting stolen art and living in seclusion. He was a drug addict. Goering became the subject of ridicule both inside and outside the Nazi Party.<ref>Hamilton, Charles. ''Leaders and Personalities of the Third Reich'' (1984).</ref>
In the final days of the war [[Martin Bormann]] convinced Hitler to remove him from power. Goering later surrended to the Western Allies. He was tried, convicted, and sentenced to death at the [[Nuremberg Trials]]. Hours before his execution, Goering committed suicide by [[cyanide]], an embarrassment to his captors. Goering was a documented [[evolutionist]].<ref>[ The Holocaust and evolution]</ref>