Jump to: navigation, search


471 bytes added, 19:20, 2 June 2014
'''Calvinism''' (also known as [[Reformed Churches|Reformed Theology]]) is a system of belief name given to a set beliefs and practice ideas in Christianity that was first developed by , notable for it's emphases on predestination. Calvinism is named after the 16th century Protestant influential Swiss theologian, and lawyer [[John Calvin]], though Calvin himself emphatically rejected the term Calvinism. The "five points' of Calvinism were based off of the 1619 decision of the Synod of Dort over the Arminian controversy.
It is most often identified with Calvin's teaching on the question of salvation. His view was summed up by five points, often referred to by the acronym TULIP:, which was invented sometime in the 1930's.
*'''T'''otal Depravity - every person but Christ is born with a sinful nature since the fall of man in the [[Garden of Eden]].*'''U'''nconditional Election - [[God]] chose every person whom He would savefor salvation. This is also referred to as [[Predestination]].*'''L'''imited Atonement - [[Jesus]] only died for those whom God chose for salvation. Calvinists hold that he did not die for those who are not part of the elect.
*'''I'''rresistible Grace - Man has no free will over his eternal fate, and anybody whom God chooses for salvation cannot resist His call.
*'''P'''erseverance of the Saints - Once one is saved, they cannot lose their salvation and will persevere throughout their lives.
Some persons do not hold to all five points, and refer to themselves by the number of "points" to which they adhere. For example, a number of people agree with all points except for Limited Atonement, and thus refer to themselves as "Four Point Calvinists". This has not been used historically, but began sometime in the late 20th century. All of the Reformed Confessions hold to these views.
== Doctrine ==
The basic distinction of Calvinism is that it teaches that the purpose of all creation is to glorify God. That is therefore the central theme of Calvinism. It also Within this creation it emphasizes God's supremacy over all spheres of lifeeverything in existence, holding firmly to the doctrine of [[divine providence]].
Calvin himself published his ''Institutes of the Chrstian Religion'' in 1559. This comprehensive work is characterized by his motto of ''[[sola scriptura|Sola Sacra Scriptura]]'', because he believed the [[Bible]] to be the absolute authority in all matters of faith and containing all that is necessary for salvation.