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Rational basis review

35 bytes added, 15:37, 26 April 2007
'''Rational basis review''' is the standard of constitutional review that the judiciary uses to evaluate a legislative classification which does not involve any [[suspect classifications]]. Currently, the only "suspect classifications" are race,<ref>''Brown v. Board of Education''</ref> religion,<ref>''Yick Wo v. Hopkins'' (118 U.S. 356)</ref> national origin,<ref>''Korematsu v. U.S.'' (323 U.S. 214) </ref> and gender,.<ref>''U.S. v. Virginia,'' applying intermediate scrutiny</ref> and (possibly) sexual Sexual orientationhas been given a quasi-suspect classification.<ref>''Romer v. Evans'', see also ''Lawrence v. Texas''</ref>
The doctrine of "rational basis review" suggests that where a government classification, which adversely affects one group, involves no suspect classification against a "discrete & insular minority"<ref>''U.S. v. Carolene Products,'' 304 U.S. 144, footnote 4</ref>, supports a legitimate state interest, and is reasonably related to that legitimate interest, the classification passes constitutional muster.<ref>''U.S. v. Carolene Products,'' 304 U.S. 144</ref>