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David Hume

4 bytes removed, 03:58, 2 March 2017
'''David Hume''' (1711-1776) was a [[Scottish]] [[philosopher]] and [[historian]] who promoted [[empiricism]] and [[naturalism]] over [[spiritual]]ity. However, the ''[[Stanford]] Encylopedia of [[Philosophy]]'' states the following regarding Hume: "Although many of Hume's own contemporaries were happy to label Hume an '[[atheism|atheist]]', our own contemporaries are more divided on this issue."<ref></ref> He was [[skeptic]]al towards [[religion]], and his major philosophical works include ''A Treatise on Human Nature'', ''An Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals'', and ''Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion''. He also wrote an attack against the occurrence [ of miracles], though it is now believed to be somewhat [[tautology|tautological]], and the wide-ranging ''History of [[England]]'', which covered the history of [[Great Britain]] from the time of [[Julius Caesar]] to 1688. Many of his quotes have survived to this day, including "You can tell what is inside a person's [[soul]] by what comes out if it."
Hume has been criticized by many [[theist]]s for his [[atheist]]ic atheistic approach, and [[Charles Darwin]] declared Hume to have been his central influence, and "Darwin's bulldog" [[Thomas Henry Huxley]] admired him so much that he wrote a book about him called ''Hume''. Furthermore, Hume was denied several academic positions - such as the coveted chair of [[moral]] philosophy at the University of Edinburgh - possibly because he was so commonly assumed to be irreligious and much of [[morality]] was considered to come from [[God]]. One admirer of Hume was [[Adam Smith]] who, upon Hume's [[death]] in 1776, wrote the following to his friend William Strahan:
"Upon the whole, I have always considered him [Hume] both in his lifetime and since his death, as approaching as nearly to the idea of a perfectly [[wise]] and [[virtuous]] man, as perhaps the nature of human frailty will permit."