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Calvinism

53 bytes added, 18:38, 19 October 2017
/* Five points */ wikilinks
Calvinism is most often identified with Calvin's teaching on the question of salvation and [[providence]]. Many summarize Calvinism in five points, often referred to by the acronym TULIP, which itself was invented sometime in the 1930's. (The Synod of [[Dortmund]] (Dort, for short) originally created these as a response to the five points of Arminianism. At the time they were ordered as ULTIP.) However, these five points do not represent the entirety of reformed theology. Some topics such as the [[Trinity]] and and God's providence are not sufficiently covered by these points alone.
*[[Total depravity|'''T'''otal Depravity ]] - every person but Christ is born with a sinful nature since the fall of man in the [[Garden of Eden]]. (See: Jeremiah 17:9, John 3:19, and Romans 3:10-12)
*'''U'''nconditional Election - [[God]] chose every elect person for salvation. This is also referred to as [[Predestination]]. (See: Romans 9:11-12, and Romans 9:16)
*'''L'''imited Atonement - [[Jesus]] only died for those whom God chose for salvation. Calvinists hold that he did not die for those who are not elect, but only those who are elect will even seek salvation. (See: John 10:14-15, John 17:2&9, and Ephesians 5:25)
*'''I'''rresistible Grace - Man has no [[free will]] over his eternal fate, and anybody whom God chooses for salvation (the elect) cannot resist His call. (See: Ezekiel 36:26-27, Acts 13:48, Acts 26:14-16, and Ephesians 1:4-6)
*[[Eternal security (salvation)|'''P'''erseverance of the Saints ]] - Once one is saved, they cannot lose their salvation and will persevere throughout their lives. Anyone who does not perservere shows that they were never truly saved. (See: John 10:27-29, 1 Corinthians 1:8-9, Philippians 1:6, 1 Peter 1:5, and Romans 8:38-39)
Some persons do not hold to all five points, and refer to themselves by the number of "points" to which they adhere. For example, a number of people agree with all points except for Limited Atonement, and thus refer to themselves as "Four Point Calvinists". This has not been used historically, but began sometime in the late 20th century.
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