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494 bytes added, 00:15, 23 August 2019
touch-up and adding some refs. This needs a lot more references.
==Five points==
Calvinism is most often identified with Calvin's teaching on the question of salvation and [[Divine providence|providence]]. Many summarize Calvinism in five points, often referred to by the acronym TULIP, which itself was invented sometime in the 1930's. (The Synod of [[Dortmund]] (Dort, for short) originally created these as a response to the five points of Arminianism. At the time they were ordered as ULTIP.) However, these five points do not represent the entirety of reformed theology. Some topics such as the [[Trinity]] and and God's providence are not sufficiently covered by these points alone.<ref></ref>
*[[Total depravity|'''T'''otal Depravity]] - every person but Christ is born with a sinful nature since the fall of man in the [[Garden of Eden]]. (See: Jeremiah 17:9, John 3:19, and Romans 3:10-12)
*'''I'''rresistible Grace - Man has no [[free will]] over his eternal fate, and anybody whom God chooses for salvation (the elect) cannot resist His call. (See: Ezekiel 36:26-27, Acts 13:48, Acts 26:14-16, and Ephesians 1:4-6)
*[[Eternal security (salvation)|'''P'''erseverance of the Saints]] - Once one is saved, they cannot lose their salvation and will persevere throughout their lives. Anyone who does not perservere shows that they were never truly saved. (See: John 10:27-29, 1 Corinthians 1:8-9, Philippians 1:6, 1 Peter 1:5, and Romans 8:38-39)
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All of the Reformed Confessions hold to these views.
Some persons people do not hold to all five points, and refer to themselves by the number of "points" to which they adhere. For example, a number of people agree with all points except for Limited Atonement, and thus refer to themselves as "Four Point Calvinists". This has not been used historically, but began sometime in the late 20th century. <ref></ref><ref></ref> [[Southern Baptist]]s are split between Calvinists and non-Calvinists, but traditionally hold to the view of eternal security. All of the Reformed Confessions hold to these views.
== Doctrine ==
Calvin himself published his [ ''Institutes of the Chrstian Religion''] in 1559. This comprehensive work is characterized by his motto of ''[[sola scriptura|Sola Sacra Scriptura]]'', because he believed the [[Bible]] to be the absolute authority in all matters of faith and containing all that is necessary for salvation.
The opposite of Calvinism is considered to be [[Arminianism]], which was named after Jacobus Arminius. It should be noted here that neither John Calvin nor Jacobus Arminius truly came up with the theologies named after them, as the ideas contained within the respective beliefs have been debated upon even as far back as the time of the apostles, as Paul discussed in Romans 5.
Calvinists observe two [[sacrament]]s, and see the bread and wine used during the [[Eucharist|Lord's Supper]] as symbolic but also that Christ is really present with the worshippers. They are not, therefore, strict representationalists, as many other Protestants are. They reject baptismal regeneration, teaching instead that [[baptism]] is a sign of the believer's death to sin and being [[born again]] (which has already taken place), as well as a reminder of Jesus' death, burial, and resurrection.
The doctrines of Calvinism are summarized in the [[Three Forms of Unity]], the [[Westminster Standards]], The Baptist Confession of Faith, as well as a few other [[Reformed Churches|Reformed]] confessions.
While the sovereignty of God, the supremacy of the Bible, and the process by which men are saved are the most famous elements in Reformed theology, certain social standards, the church's form of government, and the style in which the worship services are conducted are also part of what amounts to "Calvinism." Calvinist worship is much less ceremonial than that associated with [[Lutherans]] and [[Anglicans]] (the two other leading branches of the Reformation). The governance of the local congregation is in the hands of a number of ministers, not just the pastor; regional assemblies are the highest unit of administration. They can optimally join an organizations such as the Association of Reformed Baptist Churches of America (ARBCA), but ultimately, each church still governs itself.
=== History ===
Calvinism spread to different parts of the world, most notably the [[USA]] and [[South Africa]] The English [[Puritans]] and Scottish [[Presbyterian]]s, as well as smaller numbers of [[German]] and [[Dutch]] immigrants brought Calvinism to the United States in the 17th and 18th centuries. Large numbers of Dutch, Germans and [[French]] [[Huguenots]] also brought their Calvinist faith to South Africa in the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries.
==See also==*[[Salvation]]*[[Traditionalism]]*[[Arminianism]] ==References=={{reflist}} ==External links==* Calvinist apologetics site ''Calvinist''.===Well Known Calvinists===
*[[John Calvin]]:
*[[Charles Spurgeon]]:
*Matt Chandler:
**Chandler is one of the best known of a new generation of Calvinists known as "Reformed Charismatics" (those who hold to traditional Reformed theology, but who also hold to the view of [[continuationism]], which is prominently held within the [[Charismatic movement]])
==See also==
==External links==
* Calvinist apologetics site ''Calvinist''.
[[Category:Christian Theology]]
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