One example of the subterfuge used to return these [[Russians]] was a conference on May 28, 1945, in Lienz, Austria. The [[British]] forces told [[Cossack]] officials to attend this conference, and whose families were not to worry. An English officer calmed their nerves by declaring, "I assure you on my word of honor as a British officer that you are just going to a conference."<ref>Julius Epstein, ''[https://books.google.com/books?id=iuRBAAAAIAAJ Operation Keelhaul: the story of forced repatriation from 1944 to the present]'' (Devin-Adair Co., 1973), p. 77. Cf. Philip Rife, ''[https://books.google.com/books?id=6IzFL9CVsGYC The Pariah Files: 25 Dark Secrets You're Not Supposed to Know]'' (iUniverse, 2003), p. ISBN 0595291821, p. 137</ref> Then 2,749 Cossacks (including 2,201 officers) were driven into a prison camp to be picked up by [[Soviet]] armed authorities and forcibly returned to the [[Soviet Union]].
Category: World War II]]
The first US attempt at repatriation resulted in several suicides: