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Operation Keelhaul

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One example of the subterfuge used to return these [[Russians]] was a conference on May 28, 1945, in Lienz, Austria. The [[British]] forces told [[Cossack]] officials to attend this conference, and whose families were not to worry. An English officer calmed their nerves by declaring, "I assure you on my word of honor as a British officer that you are just going to a conference."<ref>Julius Epstein, ''[ Operation Keelhaul: the story of forced repatriation from 1944 to the present]'' (Devin-Adair Co., 1973), p. 77. Cf. Philip Rife, ''[ The Pariah Files: 25 Dark Secrets You're Not Supposed to Know]'' (iUniverse, 2003), p. ISBN 0595291821, p. 137</ref> Then 2,749 Cossacks (including 2,201 officers) were driven into a prison camp to be picked up by [[Soviet]] armed authorities and forcibly returned to the [[Soviet Union]].
 [[CategorySolzhenitsyn]] reports:World War II{{cquote|In Austria that May, Churchill perpetrated the same sort of "act of a loyal ally," but, out of our accustomed modesty, we did not publicize it. He turned over to the Soviet command the Cossack corps of 90,000 men.12 Along with them, he also 12. This surrender was an act of double-dealing consistent with the spirit of traditional English diplomacy. The heart of the matter was that the Cossacks were determined to fight to the death, or to cross the ocellJl, all the way to Paraguay or Indochina if they had to . . . anything rather than surrender alive. Therefore, the English proposed, first, that the Cossacks give up their arms on the pretext of replacing them with standardized weapons. Then the officers -without the enlisted men-were summoned to a supposed conference on the future of the army iD the city of Judenburg in the English occupation zone. But the English had secretly turned the city over to the Soviet armies the night before. Forty busloads of officers, all the way from commanders of companies on up to General Krasnov himself, crossed a high viaduct and drove straight down into a semicircle of Black Marias, next to which stood convoy guards with lists in their hands. The road back was blocked by Soviet tanks. The officers didn't even have anything with which to shoot themselves or to stab themselves to death, since their weapons had been taken away. They jumped from the viaduct onto the paving stones below. Immediately afterward, and just as treacherously, the English turned over the rank-and-file soldiers by the train-load-pretending that they were on their way to receive new weapons from their commanders.<ref>''[[The Gulag Archipelago]]'', Vol. I, page 259.</ref>}}
The first US attempt at repatriation resulted in several suicides:
[[Category:World War II]]
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