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United States Presidential Election, 2008

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#RedirectGive up, TerryH et all, OBAMA WON![[Fruit]Collapse]Wikipedia relies on your donations: please give today. $1,997,826 Our Goal: $6 million Donate Now » [[ImageExpand] Support Wikipedia:Gp_ppl_obama_mccain_flaga non-capitolprofit project Donate Now » Wikipedia:RedirectFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Wikipedia:R)Jump to: navigation, search This page documents an English Wikipedia editing guideline.jpg|right|thumb|300px|Barack Obama It is a generally accepted standard that editors should attempt to follow, though it is best treated with common sense and John McCain]] {{move|United States presidential electionthe occasional exception. Any substantive edit to this page should reflect consensus. When in doubt, 2008}}discuss first on the talk page. Shortcuts:WP:RWP:RDRWP:REDIRECT
The '''2008 United States Presidential Election''' took place "WP:REDIRECT" redirects here. For general info and coordination guidelines for all Wikimedia projects on Tuesday, November 4, 2008.<ref>httpcreating redirects see Help://</ref> The primary season for both the Contents [[Republican Partyhide]] and the [[Democratic Party]] officially began on January 1 How to make a redirect (redirect command) 1.1 Redirects to page sections 1.2 Undesirable redirects 1.2.1 Double redirects 1.2.2 Self-redirect 1.2.3Shortcuts within article space 1.3 Creating new redirects 1.4 Redirect or rename? 1.5 Categories for redirect pages 2 Navigating redirects 3 What do we use redirects for? 3.1 Spellings, 2008 with the [[Iowa Caucus]]es misspellings, tenses and ended on June capitalisations 3, 2008.<ref>http://www2 Alternative names 3.boston3 Miscellaneous and administrative redirects</ref> The 2008 election cycle has seen 4 Avoiding broken links on merges 4 When should we delete a major shift to the primary election calendar, frontloading many primaries into early Februaryredirect? 4.<ref>http://www1 Reasons for deleting 4.miamiherald2 Reasons for not deleting</ref> [[Barack Obama|Senator Barack Obama]] 1 Neutrality of [[Illinois]], the [[Democratic Party]] nominee, with Senator [[Joe Biden]] redirects 5 What needs to be done on pages that are targets of [[Delaware]] as his Vice Presidential running mate defeated Senator [[John McCain]] of [[Arizona]]redirects? 6 Self-links, the Republican candidate, and his Vice Presidential nominee, [[Alaska]] [[Governor]] [[Sarah Palin]] in the general electionduplicate links 7 Do not "fix" links to redirects that are not broken 8 Redirecting non-articles 8.1 Template redirects 8.2 Category redirects 9 See also
Obama held a 5 to 7 point lead most of the summer, but faded steadily in August. After the selection of Palin, the first woman ever on a GOP ticket, McCain leapfrogged Obama in the national polls and held a slim 2.5 point lead in mid September. Until this point, nationwide polls all year had shown a massive defeat for GOP candidates for Congress. With the GOP running 10 points behind, the Democrats stood a good chance of gaining 5-9 Senate seats and 15-20 House seats. The surge in McCain's polls helped pull up the GOP numbers; by Sept. 12 the GOP deficit was only 3.6 points, indicating small losses.<ref>Poll results from [ RealClearPolitics]</ref> However, more recently the margin has once again widened to about 5 points.<!--This statement will become out of date!! Watch out and update it-->
==First election without incumbents since 1928== If eligible to do so, the President of the United States often runs for reelection. If the President does not run, the [[Vice President of the United Statesedit]] will often run How to replace make a redirect (redirect command)To redirect page A (the President after he leaves office. 2008 will mark redirecting page) to a different page B (the first time since target page), enter the 1928 election in which there is neither an incumbent President nor an incumbent Vice President running for his party's presidential nomination and thus not running in following redirecting command at the Presidential election. In the [[United States presidential election top of 1952]], the race was between Republican candidate [[Dwight D. Eisenhower]] and Democratic candidate [[Adlai Stevenson]]. Vice President [[Alben Barkley]] sought but failed to win the Democratic nomination. Current Vice President [[Dick Cheney]] has repeatedly stated he will not run for President. "I will say just as hard as I possibly know how to say... If nominated, I will not run; if elected, I will not serve," Cheney said on ''[[Fox News]] Sunday''redirecting page.
==Differences between 2008 and other elections==In 2008, #REDIRECT [[CNNNAME OF PAGE B]]-[[YouTube]] held the first debate in which the questions asked of the nominees in each party came primarily from YouTube viewer submitted videos. The debates received high ratings, however, CNN was criticized for not picking questions that were 'tough' or pertinent enough. One such For example was during the Democratic Debate, when CNN chose to ask a question from a snow man, talking about [[global warming]]. During redirect the Republican debate, some claimed that many of the questions were from Democratic supporters just meant Cambridge University page (redirecting page) to embarrass the Republican candidates. For exampleUniversity of Cambridge page (target page), a question over whether or not homosexuals should serve in edit the U.S. military was asked by retired general Cambridge University page and gay activist Keith Kerr, an adviser to [[Hillary Clinton]]'s campaign. enter:
The internet has also played a major role in the election, with then-Republican presidential candidate #REDIRECT [[Ron PaulUniversity of Cambridge]] and Democratic candidate Barack Obama being very active on the internet.
===Young voters===--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In 2004 64% of voters aged 18-29 were registered to vote. This year 75% of voters in that age group are registered. This demographic usually favors Democrats.You can and should also give a reason for a redirect:
== Uncommitted Electorate ==#REDIRECT [[University of Cambridge]] {{R from alternative name}}See below for an incomplete list of possible reasons.
As A redirect to a non-existent section – perhaps due to a misspelling or name change – will simply lead to the top of the beginning of October, 2008 approximately 6-8% of poll respondents were undecidedtarget article.
== Election Day ==
In an odd move, Obama called upon his supporters [edit] Redirects to skip work page sectionsYou can also redirect to make sure they vote and to get out the vote in their neighborhoodspage sections within an article. In a sense it will help disrupt productivity in America at a time when there is already a fear that the country is in a recession and severly pushes the law that allows employees See Meta:Help:Redirect#A redirect to take time off from work to vote if they could not vote otherwise. Almost half of black Americans plan to take the day off as do 21% of people who have already voted. 94% of Republicans plan on being at work.<ref>httpan anchor://</ref>
==Opinion polling== {| class="wikitable"|-! Polling Outfit! Date! Sample*! Obama (D)! McCain (R)|-|#REDIRECT [ Rasmussen Tracking[University of Cambridge#History]| 11/01 - 11/03| 3000 LV| '''52'''| 46|-|[ Gallup Tracking Traditional]{{R from alternative name}}{{R to section}}| 10/29 - 10/31| 2516 LV| '''52'''| 42|-|-|[http://wwwConsider that when the target page is displayed, it is likely that the top of the page will not be shown, so the user may not see the helpful "(redirected Gallup Tracking Expanded]| 10/29 - 10/31| 2480 LV| '''52'''| 42|-|-|[http://www)" text unless they know to scroll back to the top.zogbyThis is less likely to cause confusion if the redirect is to a heading with the same name as the redirect; see for example "Argument from contingency".com/index.cfm Zogby Tracking]| 10/29 - 10/31| 1200 LV| '''49'''| 44|-|}
*RV refers One option for documenting a redirect to registered voters, LV refers a section heading is to likely votersleave a comment using <!-- ... ---> to remind others that the title is linked, so that if the title is altered, the redirect can be changed.For example:
Most polling does not include third party candidates. While that was an issue back in May when Barr attracted 6% of the vote in four way polling and Nader 4%==Evolutionary implications== <ref></ref!-- This section is linked from redirect "[[Richard Dawkins]]" -->A more resilient approach is to insert an {{Anchor}} inside the heading, it has become copying the heading's current title as a virutally non-issue with parameter to the template; then, even if the heading is renamed, its original anchor is preserved and the election drawing nearexisting anchor links will still work. Third party candidates generally have much lower percentage of votes cast for them than they poll beforehand{{Anchor}} will take multiple parameters, so several names and this election that especially seems to variations can be trueaccommodated.Documenting terms expected in the subsection without confusing the readers is encouraged. The above example becomes:
Also, when possible, polling is reported without counting 'leaners'. Leaners early on were favoring McCain, but they have also become less of an issue as the election ==Evolutionary implications {{Anchor|Evolutionary implications}}=={{redirectstohere|Evolutionary implications}}This method however has progressed nor does either candidate seem to have an advantage in this area with unwanted side effect: the shrinking number of people who still fit {{Anchor|parameters}} will appear in this category.section edit summaries:
Due to the nature of the presidential election where Presidents are elected state by state instead of total votes received nationwide, it is possible in a close race for a candidate to win the Presidency while losing the popular vote. This is meaningful if the election is within a point or possibly two, but with Obama holding a greater lead than that, the electoral college is also favoring him.<ref>http:/* Some section title {{Anchor|parameters}} */</ref><ref>[httpthe user summaryThe following markup avoids this side effect:// Politico's 2008 Swing State Map]</ref><ref>[ Electoral Projections Done Right]</ref>
== McCain vs. Obama Evolutionary implications ==McCain had the early edge, wrapping up the Republican nomination before Obama was known to be the choice of the Democrats, but {{Anchor|Evolutionary implications}}or this was one of the few advantages he has had. Both Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama raised far more money than McCain and the Democratic primary saw a surge of new voters coming out leading to a large increase in the rolls of Democrats. From the historical position of a generally equal number of Republicans and Democratsreal example, the numbers which does have now tilted 41% Democrat to only 32% Republican. From the time that Obama was declared the nominee, opinion polling showed him with a modest advantage over McCain in terms of who the voters would choose to be their next President.convenient nearby section title:
Obama's strategy was to tie McCain to George Bush, a very unpopular President, even though McCain was not a part ==Table of AWG wire sizes=={{Anchor|Table of the Bush administration AWG wire sizes}} <!-- redirect target and often clashed with Bush during his time as senator. McCain, direct link from other articles -->{{Anchor|any text for his part, had to walk an anchor link}} will also work in the body text of a fine line with accepting praise from the President to woo conservativeslong section where one might not want a section or sub-section title, while at the same time keeping enough distance so such as to not alienate moderates. When possible, McCain went after Obama's lack of foreign policy experienceabove a table referenced by another article.
On paper, the nomination would seem to heavily favor the Democrats. Overall, Democrat candidates have a +10% advantage over Republicans in a 'generic' election. The current unpopular President is a Republican, and the economy is treading water. Also, based on statistical percentages of articles on each candidate, Obama was being focused on with press coverage far more than McCain. When McCain chastised Obama for his lack of foreign policy experience and that he hadn't been to Iraq or Afghanistan in years, Obama's campaign set up for him to take a trip to both countries. While this is expected in politics, the decision of every major network to send a team of reporters to follow him was unprecedented. Obama spoke to 200,000 people in Berlin in a highly covered speech. McCain spoke to 50,000 in Buffalo shortly thereafter and barely got a whisper. Obama's numbers started to rise, but a good deal of the populace was noticing the disparity as 48% of those polled felt the press was trying to help Obama win.
Obama seemed pleased to coast on his advantages, but McCain realized he needed to shake things up. He scored by pushing offshore drilling for oil during a time when oil prices were climbing almost daily. Obama rejected the idea, but the poll numbers started to show a greater percentage of Americans warming to the concept<ref>[ Offshore Drilling polledit]</ref> and McCain's numbers started to improve. Obama announced he would accept some measure of offshore drilling, and McCain's momentum was halted and his gains retreated by a couple of points. McCain started an ad campaign that acknowledged Obama's celebrity status, but asking what it meant. A few days later at the start of August he called out Obama for 'playing the race card' when Obama made a reference to McCain and Bush trying to scare people because he (Obama) doesn't look like other Presidents on dollar bills. The Democrats fired back, but quickly let the issue drop when poll numbers showed that most voters did consider Obama's statement to be racist.<ref></ref>. The bounce for Obama after the Berlin speech shrank back to pre-trip levels. While Obama continued to enjoy a slight lead in the polls, McCain continued to keep the race close without either candidate breaking away. Undesirable redirects
In mid-August both candidates came together at the invitation of Pastor [[Rick Warrenedit]] where each was asked Double redirectsA double redirect is a series of the same questions dealing both with political and personal viewstitle that redirects to another redirect. While not Double redirects are usually created after a debate, it was the first televised forum where both candidates had a chance to express themselves move when old redirects are left unchanged and their positionspointing toward an old name. Obama hoped to appeal to Christian conservatives by expressing a religious side while McCain hoped to solidify the conservative base by sharing his own conservative This is one reason good editors check links and religious credentials. The difference in style between observe if the two link traversed was evident as Obama spent more time explaining and expounding on his positions while McCain was more straight-forward and received more laughs with his candid speaking style. The polling numbers continued as they had beena redirect or direct path.
There was Avoid making double redirects (a bounce at the start of the Democratic convention, but redirect that points to another redirect); they do not what was expected as McCain suddenly drew even in the race. The friction between Hillary Clinton and Obama as well as the perceived slight of Hillary when Biden was chosen as the Vice Presidential candidate hurt Obama at a time when his approval was expected work (to climb. McCain then made prevent endless looping, a mistake by airing an ad of Hillary Clinton that 'supported' him. Clinton was set redirect will not "pass through" more than one entry; if someone is redirected to speak at the convention and it was no secret that there was bad blood between her and Obama and it was widely believed that her support for Obama would be lukewarm at best. Instead, apparently galvanized by McCain's hubris before her speech, she came out strongly for Obama and rallied those who supported her. Obama's pre-convention edge returned. Obama followed it up with a very strong speech the next day in a huge stadium with fireworks and a Greek temple. [[Dick Morris]]redirect, a political pundit usually giving advice to Republicans felt that Obama had done such a good job reaching out to the groups that he needed that he would pull ahead by double-digits. In order to suppress chain stops at the bounce from the conventionfirst redirect), McCain announced his Vice Presidential candidate the next daythey create slow, a woman, Alaskan governor [[Sarah Palin]]. The bounce unpleasant experiences for Obama was muted at firstthe reader, but increased in and they make the following days to surpass pre-convention levels, especially as Sarah Palin came under heavy attack in navigational structure of the mediasite confusing.
The edge continued as the Republican convention began. Losing If you move or rename a day to the hurricanepage, their shortened convention came out strong as well, emphasizing John McCain as a patriot and a maverick for change who it is tested and will do what is right for the country regardless of political affiliation. It was notable for the secondary role that the sitting President playedbest to click on "What links here" to see if any redirects exist, talking only briefly and barely being mentioned after that. The convention tied McCain to [[Ronald Reagan]], a popular Republican President who was able change them to gain the support of a good number of conservative Democrats, an ability that McCain would badly need redirect straight to emulate. While the convention had very high ratings starting with Palin's well received speech, it was unclear what the impact would be in the polls. Indeed Obama continued to lead directly afterward, but that soon changed with a turn of about 8 points and a slim lead for McCain. The Republican convention had actually more than balanced out the powerful Democratic conventionnew title.
While Obama had stated that his campaign would avoid negative advertising, as it became clear that the bounce from the convention was continuing to last and he might lose the election, his campaign turned more forcefully to negative advertising. In ads aired since the Republican convention through mid September, McCain's ads were about Obama 56% of the time, but Obama's ads were about his opponents 77% of the time.<ref></ref> Obama also received a large boost from the press which vigorously attacked McCain, but even more so Palin. Obama appeared on ''[[O'Reilly Factor|The O'Reilly Factor]]'' and was treated with civility and respect, even if not with agreement. McCain and his wife appeared on ''The View'' and were treated like last week's gutter trash. The constant negative barrage and reporting slowly moved the numbers back to even.
As [edit] Self-redirectA self-redirect is a title that redirects straight to the negative articles page on Palin continued to intensify, some of which just quoted celebrities who had never met her calling her "whacko" or the link is found. This may occur if a "hater of women", her first major interview with Gibson was redirect is created from a turning point. Gibson asked Palin about red link on the Bush Doctrinepage, or if the title once was an article of its own but wouldn't define it for her even as she asked questions for clarificationswas merged. When she then answered with her understanding, Gibson rebuked her by implying that she misunderstood the doctrine. In truth, since the term This is only particularly common in a press invention, it has taken on different meanings at different times and series of new inter-related topics moving together from the definition that Palin gave matched one that Gibson himself had used years earlierstub stage. NeverthelessMany editors despise red links, it was a moment and was jumped on by the presseven temporarily in new topics. Those who saw The team working the interview voted heavily that they were now less likely articles may well intend to vote for Palin. The attack on her had muted her effectivenessexpand such redirects to full articles, even if so the cyclical links are place holders; in such cases, checking the page histories should make it was unjustifiedclear whether to make a corrective edit.
Stemming the tide of the McCain campaign's lead became An exception is a strong swing for Obama with a series of events that went redirect to the Democratic nominee's favor. The polls began to tack to Obama's favor with the collapse of Lehman Brothers and a subsequent 500-point drop in section within the Dow Jones Index. Thenarticle, President Bush sounded especially in a major alarm long article that cannot be viewed all at once on the economy and proposed a huge 700 billion dollar rescue plan for the mortgage industryan average-sized computer screen. Essentially, which sent shock waves through the American populace and swept them with even more fear on the economic picture. Bush called both Presidential nominees this is comparable to meet with him and Congress. It gave Obama a boost in legitimacy"see above" or "see below, his previous Achilles' heel. While he had a weak record in accomplishments and showing leadership" accomplished by wikilinking [[#Heading]] (no article name, just the chance to be propelled to a position of prominence handed it to him on a silver platter. Moreover, the plan was more problematic among Republicans than it was among Democrats, giving Obama another boost merely heading name prefixed by supporting it while putting McCain on more shaky ground. Both candidates supported it once again blurring McCain's advantage in experience if both men were seen as interchangeable in their reaction#).
McCain chose Redirects to suspend his campaign until a deal on the bailout was reachedother Wikimedia projects, a mistake. The Democrats could add pork to the plan and make it even more unpalatable to the Republicansother websites, and they didor special pages do not work. As the first debate loomed and no deal had been reached, McCain was in a quandary. He chose to attend the debate under the view that the plan was well under way to being passed. After the debate the plan was actually defeated and wouldn't These should be adopted, avoided or replaced with more changes, until the following weeka soft redirect template.
McCain's debate with Obama went well and he was viewed as having done better than expected. Unfortunately for him, Obama was also viewed as doing better than expected and was seen as looking Presidential, further cementing his standing and locking in a lead in the polls that had become rather substantial. The Vice Presidential debate was the most watched in history and Palin was given high marks for her performance, but unfortunately for the Republican ticket, Biden was also on his game that night and also came across well. There were no changes in the polling numbers and the number of undecided voters began to quickly dwindle. The second and third debates caused little change as well.
With Obama spending 110 million dollars on TV advertising in October alone, including 30 minute specials on each of the major networks, McCain will be hard pressed [edit] Shortcuts within article spaceWhile redirects to make up project pages or sections thereof for the necessary ground to win the election after being outspent by 3 to 1 for TV adds over that time period. He can't count on regular TV to help put in purpose of creating a good word for him eithershortcut are accepted, as late night political jokes are running at a pace of 7 jokes against McCain/Palin for every 1 joke against Obama/Biden and a study of news stories on McCain and Obama since the end of the conventions found that 57% of news stories about McCain were negative while only 29% were same is not usually desired for Obama.<ref></ref> A later study by the independent Pew Research Center found that the discrepency had grown even worse. McCain had 57% of the mainspace articles about him negative while only 14% were positive, while Obama had more positive articles than negative. The only network to achieve a balance, 40% negative for both, was [[FoxNews]].<ref>,2933,445846,00though exceptions exist.html</ref>
== State by State Breakdown ==[[Image:Presidential election mapRedirects from well-recognized abbreviations and acronyms to an article's title title are acceptable (for example, UCLA redirects to University of California, Los Angeles).gif|right|thumb|350px|Battleground states]] The United States had become so regionally polarized When creating such a redirect, try to learn about other titles that even though might use that same abbreviation. It may be more appropriate for the 2004 presidential election was close nationwideabbreviation or acronym to serve as a disambiguation page, only nine states had outcomes having less than 4% margin between or else the candidates:template {{redirect|abbreviation}} shall be placed at the top of the page for which that abbreviation is most recognized, pointing to a disambiguation page for all other uses of the abbreviation.
State, margin of victory, party that won the state in 2004
#Wisconsin, 0.38% (Dem)#Iowa, 0.67% (Repub)#New Mexico, 0.79% (Repub)#New Hampshire, 1.37% (Dem)#Ohio, 2.11% (Repub)#Pennsylvania, 2.50% (Dem)#Nevada, 2.59% (Repub)#Michigan, 3.42% (Dem)[edit] Creating new redirects#Minnesota, 3You can create a new page in order to make a redirect.48% (Dem)
It is assumed that Only the 2008 election redirect line will be similar where close battles in a few states could determine displayed when you save the outcome. Individual state polling numbers for the 2008 election are provided. Similar to the overall election where the number of undecided voters is quickly dwindling, the numbers are coming much close to approaching the full 100% than they were earlier in the campaign. This requires a candidate changing a voter's mind to improve his standing, a much harder task than simply convincing an undecidedpage.
* Red To go back and edit your redirect after it is working, add ?redirect= McCain leading* Blue = Obama leadingno to the end of the URL for your redirect:
{| class="wikitable"|-! State! Obama (D)! McCain (R)! Source! Updated|- style="background:white; color:red"|Alabama|39%|60%|[http://wwwen.rasmussenreportswikipedia.comorg/public_contentwiki/politics/election_20082/2008_presidential_election/alabama/election_2008_alabama_presidential_election Rasmussen]|09/22/08|- styleCambridge_University?redirect="background:white; color:red"no|Alaska|41%|57%|If you wish to add a reason, select one of the tags from the Tag column below and add it one space after and on the same line as #REDIRECT [ Rasmussen]| 10/28/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Arkansas|44%|54%|[ RasmussenWherever]|10/27/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Arizona|46%|51%|[ Rasmussen]|10/26/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|California|61%|34%|[http://www, enclosed in double Rasmussen]|11/02/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Colorado|51%|47%|[ Rasmussen]|10/26/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Connecticut|56%|39%|[ Rasmussen]|10/14/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Delaware|56%|41%|[ Rasmussen]|10/10/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Florida|49%|50%|[ Rasmussen]|11/02/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Georgia|47%|52%|[ Rasmussen]|10/30/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Hawaii|61%|31%|[ SurveyUSA]|03/06/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Idaho|37%|53%|[]|07/30/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Illinois|60%|38%|[ Rasmussen]|11/01/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Indiana|46%|49%|[ Rasmussen]|10/29/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Iowa|52%|44%|[ Rasmussen]|10/23/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Kansas|41%|54%|[ Rasmuseen]|10/13/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Kentucky|43%|55%|[ Rasmussen]|10/29/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Louisiana|41%|57%|[ Rasmussen]|10/22/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Maine|51%|46%|[ Rasmussen]|10/02/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Maryland|60%|37%|[ Rasmussen]|09/20/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Massachusetts|62%|34%|[ Rasmussen]|10/13/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Michigan|53% |43%|[ Rasmussen]|10/28/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Minnesota|55% |43%|[ Rasmussen]|10/28/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Mississippi|45%|53%|[ Rasmussen]|10/27/08|-|Missouri|49%|49%|[ Rasmussen]|11/02/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Montana|46%|50%|[ Rasmussen]|10/29/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Nebraska|37%|56%|[ Rasmussen]|09/30/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Nevada|50%|46%|[ Rasmussen]|10/27/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|New Hampshire|50%|46%|[ Rasmussen]|10/25/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|New Jersey|57%|42%|[ Rasmussen]|11/02/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|New Mexico|54%|44%|[ Rasmussen]|10/28/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|New York|57%|37%|[ Rasmussen]|10/14/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|North Carolina|49%|50%|[ Rasmussen]|11/02/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|North Dakota|41%|55%|[ Rasmussen]|09/08/08|-|Ohio|49%|49%|[ Rasmussen]|11/02/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Oklahoma|32%|63%|[ Rasmussen]|09/11/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Oregon|54%|42%|[ Rasmussen]|10/30/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Pennsylvania|52%|46%|[ Rasmussen]|11/01/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Rhode Island |58%|39%|[ Rasmussen]|09/13/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|South Carolina|43%|54%|[ Rasmussen]|10/20/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|South Dakota|44%|53%|[ Rasmussen]|10/30/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Tennessee|42%|54%|[ Rasmussen]|10/16/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Texas|44%|54%|[ Rasmussen]|10/21/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Utah|32%|64%|[ Rasmussen]|10/14/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Vermont|60%|36%|[ Rasmussen]|09/13/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Virginia|51%|47%|[ Rasmussen]|11/02/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Washington|54%|43%|[ Rasmussen]|10/22/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|West Virginia|43%|52%|[ Rasmussen]|10/20/08|- style="background:white; color:blue"|Wisconsin|51%|44%|[ Rasmussen]|10/23/08|- style="background:white; color:red"|Wyoming|39%|58%|[ Rasmussen]|09/10/08|}For example, on the redirect page University of cambridge,
== Analysis of States by Region ==Because of the #REDIRECT [[electoral collegeUniversity of Cambridge]] system in {{R from other capitalisation}}That will also add the United States, it is important redirect to analyze the presidential election by each statecategory listed in the Category column below. These states are grouped into regionsNote that there must be a space between the end of the redirect code and the template code for this to work properly.[citation needed]
=== New England ===[[Barack Obama]] is almost certain Redirects take effect immediately after saving a page. You may need to win almost every state in this region, which tend clear your cache to be very [[liberal]]. The only exception is in New Hampshire, where [[John McCain]] is well liked and George Bush won in 2000. This state is expected to be competitive. On the other hand, with only four electoral votes, the impact on the election will not be as great as some other battleground statessee these changes.
=== Mid-Atlantic ===
[[New York]], [[Delaware]], and [[Maryland]] are solidly Democrat and will vote for Obama this election. [[New Jersey]] is less so, but still has Democratic leanings, and will probably go for Obama. [[Pennsylvania]] is a very important swing state for both candidates, as it has 21 electoral votes, fifth most in the nation, and has both liberal and conservative elements. In recent years, the state has moved toward becoming Democrat. However, it is not yet at the point that is safely in the Democratic camp, and will still be focused on heavily by both candidates during this election cycle. McCain still has a very good chance because Obama was unable to connect with the working-class citizens of Pennsylvania during the Democratic primary.
=== South-Atlantic ===[[Washington, D.C.]edit] Redirect or rename?If there is overwhelmingly liberal and will vote for Obama; howeveran article named, with three electoral votes its significance is limited. Although [[Virginia]] has usually been Republican territory in Presidential electionssay, this year it has become a competitive state. Democrats will work on increasing the voter turnout in Oxford University, and you discover that the northern part title "University of the stateOxford", with although a high population of D.C. transplants. McCain's strength is in the southern regions reasonable alternative designation and among the military. In search term for the Carolinassame university, which usually votes Republicanis still a red link, McCain is seen you can create a page with that title as having the edgea new redirect page, but Obama may be competitive in these states if he mobilizes redirecting to the African-American populationpage Oxford University. [[Georgia]] An alternative is a state where a third-party candidate [[Bob Barr]] could make a difference. While most voters favor McCain, he could lose enough votes instead to Barr rename the Oxford University page to lose the state, especially if there "University of Oxford". This is also called a large black turnout. [[Florida]] is "page move"; see Help:Moving a very close swing state, most famously known page for its role in [[United States presidential election, 2000|Election 2000]]more detail. An important constituency in this state is The old page becomes a redirect to the [[Jewish]] population, who are continuing to support Obama over McCain. Cuban-Americans, who are most upset with Obama's statements that he would meet with Fidel Castro, back McCainnew page.
=== Deep South ===John McCain will do well in the deep south. This includes the states of [[Texas]]The following table summarizes this schematically, [[Alabama]], [[Mississippi]], [[Louisiana]], [[Oklahoma]], [[Arkansas]], [[Tennessee]], [[Kentucky]] and [[West Virginia]]. This area is generally [[conservative]], and consistently vote Republican in Presidential elections. Although Obama believes in a fifty-state strategy, it is unlikely that such a strategy will be helpful in getting out the vote in these states apart from the black population. using arrows to indicate who redirects to whom:
===Swing States (Great Lakes Region)===Old situation: Oxford University University of Oxford Strategists believe that the Republican presidential nominee must win Wisconsin or Minnesota, and hold Iowa but that the outcome in New Mexico, which has only 5 electoral votes, is irrelevant. Minnesota's margin redirect: Oxford University ← University of victory for the Democrats in 2004 probably places it out of reach for Republicans in 2008. This is confirmed by recent polling. However, due to the location Oxford Rename/move: Oxford University → University of the Republican Convention in Minnesota, the state, with ten electoral votes, can come back into play.Oxford
=== West ===Barack Obama To choose between two such possibilities, the main consideration should be that the preferred title of an article is almost certainly guaranteed a win in the coastal states most common name for the topic of Californiathe article as would normally be used in articles written in English (language). So we prefer "Italy" over "Italia", Oregon and Washington"Pope" over "Pope of Rome". However, while John McCain it is favored in Arizonaoften better to have an article at a well-defined, Idahounambiguous term, Utah and Texaswith redirects from looser colloquial terms, rather than vice versa. NevadaThere are many declarations of independence, which voted for Bush in 2000 and 2004but there is only one United States Declaration of Independence. For more on this, may turn to Obama if Bob Barr manages to pull enough votes from McCainsee Wikipedia:Naming conventions.
===Other Important Swing States===
Moreover, it is very important for republicans to hold Ohio and Florida. Fortunately, both states have tended to lean republican in the last two presidential elections. Although Florida was disputed in election 2000, it went to Bush undeniably in 2004. Virginia will also be heavily contested this year.
== General Strategy ==[edit] Categories for redirect pagesSee Wikipedia:Categorizing redirects for situations where categorizing a redirect might be helpful. Redirects should not normally contain categories that would fit on the target page because it can result in duplicate listings of the same page within a category. Relevant categories should be moved to the main page where the redirect is pointing. In some cases, however, adding categories to a redirect page allows legitimate alternative titles or names to be found in category lists. Redirect pages within categories will appear in italics.
McCain's team wants to convince the electorate of the long-term leadership and experience that John McCain has shown in two decades of government service while emphasizing the relative untested nature of Barak Obama.
Obama's team wants [edit] Navigating redirectsWhen a redirected page is linked to convince normally, the electorate user is taken to a page that Obama is neither the candidate of fresh ideas while downplaying his relative inexperience compared to original page nor the more seasoned McCainpage to which it is redirected. When possibleInstead, McCain the user is lumped together taken to a page that has the content of the destination page with George Busha clickable mention of the redirect at the top, an unpopular Presidentand the URL of the original page. ===Republican StrategyTo go to the original page, one can click on the aforementioned link, or append the string &redirect===With more limited funding no to the end of the URL. To go to the actual article, rather than his Democratic rivalsimply viewing the mirror version, McCain had favored open town hall meetings to attract click on the greatest number "article" or "project page" tab at the top of peoplethe page. He is focusing his advertising For instance, clicking on swing statesthe phrase "clickable mention" above will take you to the "embedded link" page, which is redirected to the "hyperlink" page. He also asked for open debates with Obama Towards the top of the Lincoln-Douglas variety where candidates can talk directly to each otherpage is the phrase "Redirected from Embedded link", but this was not accepted by with the Democratic camp which prefers words "Embedded link" in blue. Clicking on these words will take you to the actual Embedded link page. Directly above the article title "Hyperlink" at the top of the page is the word "article" in blue. Clicking on this word will take you to the current structured formatactual Hyperlink page.
McCain will highlight his record of leadership, his service to his country and stress that as President he can be counted on to keep America safe from outside threats. McCain's strongest supporters are the elderly - the group that most wants stability.
McCain's choice of [[Alaskaedit]] [[Governor]] [[Sarah Palin]] as his Vice Presidential nominee was a departure from what was expected What do we use redirects for? Shortcut:WP:RCAT Compare the more complete template list in the guideline sub-page: Wikipedia:Template_messages/Redirect_pages and helped to show that he would go down paths that the Republican party had not done notations in the pastcorresponding category. McCain has touted Palin's record of standing up The templates in the following lists are used to the Alaska Republican party when she resigned from an Ethics Commission in protest over a lack of ethics of fellow commissionersclassify redirect pages, as well as when she ran against, and beat, then-incumbent Governor [[Frank Murkowski]] in depending on the Republican primary in 2006reason for the redirect. McCain will continue Use as many of these templates to tout her tag the redirect as a "maverick" to complement his own maverick image that he is trying to emphasizeare applicable. LastSome redirects will have both alternative spellings, alternative capitalisations, by choosing and perhaps be a female running mate, McCain hoped redirection to pick up the votes of female voters disaffected with the perceived slight of Hillary Clinton by Obamaa list article entry or section. Prior to In the start final analysis, all these templates do is establish a categorization of the Democratic conventionredirect page, 30% of Hillary's supporters had still not backed Obama and there was a good deal of bad blood between the twolike articles, more than one category can – and frequently should – apply.
With the unfolding of the campaign season and watching the Democratic strategy and how it was playing out in the press and polls, the McCain campaign decided not to cede the moniker of change to Obama, but rather to take it upon themselves by emphasizing that McCain has a track record of change - while Obama does not. The McCain campaign feels it needs to have the voters ask who can be trusted more to get the job done, and if that occurs, then they have the advantage.
With the selection of Palin[edit] Spellings, misspellings, tenses and the energy it has brought to the conservative basecapitalisationsReason Usage notes, McCain has taken to larger rallies, as opposed to town hall meetings and press conferencestext that will be shown onPreviewing the page when applied. By mid-September, he had gone four weeks without a town hall, and three weeks without a press conference, instead sticking Tag /Category to larger engagements, appearing alongside his vice presidential nominee, with larger crowds than he had experienced earlier in his campaign.find articles so tagged Abbreviations
===Democratic Strategy===Democrats are confident that the low popularity of [[President]] [[George W. Bush]] and particularly [[Operation Iraqi Freedom]], which John McCain supports, puts them in a highly favorable position for 2008. They have been cautious in the Iraq arena realizing that 'The Surge' worked and they were on the wrong end of that issue. Focus is being put on a timeline for troops coming home, a position that most of the American population favors.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Democrats believe it This is their race to lose, but also realize they had a good chance to win the last two Presidential elections and came up short each time. General wisdom also states that redirect from a poor economy favors Obama, so they will try to paint a dire picture in this area. As in past elections, differences between those who have obtained a high income level and those who have not will be emphasized. In fact, the Democratic strategy in many ways mirrors that of their strategy in 1992 when the Democrat-controlled Congress deliberately caused economic disruption, knowing full well that the public would blame sitting president [[George H.W. Bush]], and thereby allowing [[Bill Clinton]] to win that year's presidential racetitle with an abbreviation.
Favored by the young, Democrats will try hard to encourage and get out the young vote, a task that has proven For more difficult than expected in the last two election cycles. To their advantageinformation, Obama made his vice presidential pick via text message to cell phone numbers registered on follow the site. The announcement went to 3 million cell phones, a useful database for "Get Out The Vote" (GOTV) efforts, when voters may not be home or reachable on their landlinecategory link.
As an extension of the DNC's strategy in the 2006 elections, led by [[Howard Dean]], Barack Obama has been working towards a "50-state strategy." The campaign is working to place campaign offices throughout the country with a focus on voter registration. The increase in the rolls of Democratic voters from the primary battle between Hillary Clinton and Obama played out well for the Democrats and puts pressure on Senator McCain even in typically red states, and more specifically, "Lean Republican" states, to use the Cook Political Report's term. In addition, with a fundraising advantage, Obama is airing ads in those tight states forcing McCain to make decisions about whether to use funds to match ads and campaign efforts in those states or rely on historical results that those states will support him and focus funds in traditional toss-up states instead.
Barack Obama had a significant edge over Hillary Clinton in the fundraising department during their contest for the Democratic nomination, but both actually set records for raising money and both raised far more money than John McCain. McCain didn’t have to spend as much since he locked up the Republican nomination much earlier than Obama locked up the Democratic. Both Obama and McCain said they would accept government funds--which would also cap how much the candidates could raise on their own--but Obama, who could presumably raise more through his own sources, changed his mind and later declined. Much of McCain’s war chest will come from the Republican Party in general, which has more money to spend than their Democratic counterparts. McCain’s campaign raised $47 million in August, a very sizable figure for him so far and a personal record, but not as strong as Obama’s best months. In the same time period, Obama set a record with $66 million. Obama, still having an edge in fundraising that has continued throughout his run for the Presidency, saw $10 million collected the day after Sarah Palin’s strongly received convention speech, a new one day record.<ref>[ After Palin speech, Obama has record $10 million day]</ref> The Palin announcement has been good for John McCain's fundraising as well.
Obama set a new record of $150 million raised in September and over $600 million overall.<ref></ref> Obama's camp does not release information on who contributes to the campaign.
==Election Politics==
As a general truth, political parties will put on their best face, but stoop to almost any level to make their candidate win. This election is no exception as the Democratic party has taken to busing in homeless people in Ohio to register them and have them vote on the same day, then bus them back. A loophole in the law permits this without checking identification, and that loophole is being exploited for political gain.<ref>,2933,433681,00.html</ref>
===Democratic National Convention===The 2008 Democratic National Convention was held in [[Denver]], [[Colorado]], from August 25 DSM-IV redirects to August 27 at Pepsi Center. There, Senator Obama Diagnostic and his running mate were selected to be the party nominee's. Barack Obama will accepted the party's nomination in front Statistical Manual of a crowd of more than 75,000 in a free, open event held at INVESCO Field at Mile High, in a platform resemblant to a Greek temple. House Speaker [[Nancy Pelosi]] is the Permanent Chair of the Convention.Mental Disorders {{R from abbreviation}} Category:Redirects from abbreviation Shortcuts --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The convention had This is a rocky start as friction between supporters of Obama and the Clintons was not resolved. Instead of Obama getting redirect from a bump in the polls, his support actually declinedWikipedia shortcut. The Democrats also seemed to be at odds on finding a unifying strategy Shortcuts are generally reserved for how hard to attack John McCain Wikipedia project pages, their discussion pages and how to present it. As Democratic pundit James Carville said in an interview on [[CNN]], "If this party has a message, it's done a <heck> of a job hiding it tonight, I promise you that."<ref></ref>
A bleak convention was turned around by the Clintons. Infighting between Obama and Hillary continued through the day of her speech, but a comprise was reached, and, beyond expectations, she gave a rousing speech for Obama - possibly as an angry response to McCain's latest ad that showed her 'supporting' him. Bill Clinton the next night also praised Obama, something that he failed to effectively do in 2000 for Al Gore when he centered on his accomplishments and gave little For more than lip service to Gore with statements amounting to 'and Al Gore was there too'. The convention, possibly remembering that, gave him the topic he was to speak on instead of choosing his own. Clinton was angered, but it worked. He came through. By the time Obama spoke on the last night, the theme that was missing at first was clear, and Obama mixed a message of attacking McCain with the need for change and even outlining some expensive programs that would appeal to the target populace who has been lukewarm to him. From a political point of viewinformation, follow the convention did what it was supposed tocategory link.
===Convention Schedule===WP:A redirects to Wikipedia:Attribution {{R from shortcut}} Category:Redirects from shortcut
'''Monday 8/25 (Theme: One Nation):'''Too short for own article
* Former President [[Jimmy Carter]]
* [[Speaker of the House]] [[Nancy Pelosi]], D-[[California]]
* Congressman [[Jesse Jackson, Jr.]], D-[[Illinois]]
* Mayor John Hickenlooper, D-[[Denver]]
* Senator [[Amy Klobuchar]], D-[[Minnesota]]
* Mayor Manny Diaz, D-[[Miami]]
* Illinois state leaders Alexi Giannoulis, Dan Hynes, Lisa Madigan
* Tom Balanoff from Illinois SEIU
* [[National Education Association]] (NEA) President Reg Weaver
* AFT President Randi Weingarten
* [[NARAL Pro-Choice America]] President Nancy Keenan
* Senator [[Claire McCaskill]], D-Missouri
* Former State Representative Lee Hamilton, D-[[Indiana]]
* Chicago City Clerk Miguel del Valle
* Maya Soetoro-Ng - Barack Obama's half-sister
* Jerry Kellman - "Mentor and long-time friend of Barack Obama"
List entry or Section Category:Redirects to list entries
'''Tuesday 8/26 (ThemeThis is a redirect to a "list of minor entities"-type article which is a collection of brief descriptions for subjects not notable enough to have separate articles. This template automatically categorizes pages to Category: Renewing America's Promise):'''Redirects to list entries
* Senator [[Patrick Leahy]], D-[[Vermont]]
* Governor [[Joe Manchin]], D-[[West Virginia]], Chair of the Democratic Governors’ Association
* Governor [[Chet Culver]], D-[[Iowa]]
* [[California]] State Controller John Chiang
* Change to Win’s Anna Burger
* [[AFL-CIO]] President John Sweeney
* [[Planned Parenthood of America]] President Cecile Richards.
* Pay Equity pioneer Lilly Ledbetter
* Governor [[Brian Schweitzer]], D-[[Montana]]
* Governor [[Deval Patrick]], D-[[Massachusetts]]
* Governor [[Kathleen Sebelius]], D-[[Kansas]]
* Governor [[Janet Napolitano]], D-[[Arizona]]
* Governor [[Jim Doyle]], D-[[Wisconsin]]
* Governor [[Ed Rendell]], D-[[Pennsylvania]]
* Governor [[Ted Strickland]], D-[[Ohio]]
* Governor [[David Paterson]], D-[[New York]]
* Senator [[Bob Casey, Jr.]], D-[[Pennsylvania]]
* Former Secretary of Energy and Transportation Federico Peña
* House Majority Leader [[Steny Hoyer]], D-[[Maryland]]
* House Democratic Caucus Chair [[Rahm Emanuel]], D-[[Illinois]]
* Representative [[Xavier Becerra]] (D-California), Assistant to the Speaker of the House;
* Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) Chair [[Chris Van Hollen]]
* Representatives [[Nydia Velazquez]] (D-[[New York]])
* Linda Sanchez (D-CA)
* Tammy Baldwin (D-WI)
* Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC)
* Mike Honda (D-CA)
* Senator and former Presidential candidate [[Hillary Clinton]] (D-NY)
* Former Governor [[Mark Warner]] (D-VA)--Keynote Speaker
'''Wednesday 8/27 (Theme: Securing America's Future): '''
* Former President [[Bill Clinton]]Related * Governor [[Bill Richardson]], D-[[New Mexico]]Template:R to section * Senator [[John Kerry]], D-[[Massachusetts]]* Former Senate Minority Leader [[Tom Daschle]], D-[[South Dakota]]* Senator [[Jack Reed]], D-[[Rhode Island]]* Mayor [[Richard Daley]], D-[[Chicago]]* Senator [[Evan Bayh]], D-[[Indiana]]* Senator [[Joe Biden]], D-[[Delaware]]* Senator [[Jay Rockefeller]], D-[[West Virginia]] * Senate Majority Leader [[Harry Reid]], D-[[Nevada]]* Senator [[Ken Salazar]], D-[[Colorado]]* House Majority Whip [[James E. Clyburn]], D-[[South Carolina]]----------------------------------------------------------------------* Congressman [[Robert Wexler]] (DWhen List is more section-[[Florida]])like in organization, such as list of fictional characters in a fictional universe. {{R to list entry}}
'''Thursday 8/28 (Theme: Change You Can Believe In):'''
* [[Colorado]] [[Governor]] [[Bill Ritter]]{{R to section}} * Former Vice President [[Al Gore]]Misspellings * Presidential nominee [[Barack Obama]]--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
===Republican National Convention===The 2008 Republican National Convention was held in [[Saint Paul]], [[Minnesota]] This is a redirect from September 1 ([[Labor Day]]) until September 4a misspelling or typographical error. The presumptive nominee was Senator McCain. The location has political significance in that [[Minnesota]] will likely be a close state during correct spelling is given by the target of the general election, as will it's neighboring states [[Wisconsin]] and [[Iowa]]redirect.
The convention schedule had to Pages using this link should be altered due updated to the upcoming landfall of [[Hurricane Gustav]]. The first day almost entirely focused on raising money for Hurricane relief. This led link directly to a shortened three day convention instead of four and there was some shuffling of who was speaking on which day to accommodate the suddenly shortened time span. In redirect target, without using a surprise, George W. Bush was only delivered an eight minute speech by satellite. In another surprise Sarah Palin's speech was watched by as many people as saw Obama give his acceptance speech on the closing night of the Democratic convention, as over 40 million people tuned in.<ref></ref> She was considered the highlight of the convention, even surpassing John McCain's speech the next day, and was noted for doing an exceptional job. Recognizing the strong asset piped link that they have in her, hides the Republicans made reference to her many times on the last day of the convention. McCain, not known for being comfortable reading prepared speeches in a convention hall, delivered a solid speech. While Obama continued to enjoy a lead in the polls, it changed quickly thereafter to a slight McCain-Palin edge. The Republican convention more than canceled out a very powerful Democratic conventioncorrect details.
===Convention Schedule===For more information, follow the category link... Category:Redirects from misspellings
'''Monday 9/1 (Theme: Service):'''
*RNC Chairman Mike Duncan
*[[First Lady]] [[Laura Bush]]
*[[Cindy McCain]]Condoleeza Rice redirects to Condoleezza Rice {{R from misspelling}} Category:Redirects from misspellings Other spellings, other punctuation --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
'''Tuesday 9/2 (Theme: Reform):'''*Former [[New York City]] Mayor [[Rudy Giuliani]], Keynote speakerThis is a redirect from a title with a different spelling.
*Governor Jon Huntsman, R-[[Utah]]Pages using this link may be updated to link directly to the target page. It is not necessary to replace these redirected links with a piped link.
*Governor [[Linda Lingle]]For more information, R-[[Hawaii]]follow the link to Category:Redirects from alternative spellings or see this reference page.
*Governor [[Sarah Palin]], colour redirects to color Al-Jazeera redirects to Al Jazeera {{Rfrom alternative spelling}} Category:Redirects from alternative spellings Plurals --------------------------------------------------------------------------------[[Alaska]]
*Former GovThis is a redirect from a plural word to the singular equivalent. [[Mike Huckabee]], You may use the aliased template {{R-[[Arkansas]]to singular}} to accomplish the same end.
*Former GovThis redirect link is used for convenience, usually for plurals that do not follow simple conventions. and Homeland Security Secretary [[Tom Ridge]]In many cases, it is preferable to add the plural directly after the link (that is, R-[[Pennsylvanialink]]s). However, do not replace these redirected links with a simpler link unless the page is updated for another reason (see Wikipedia:Redirect#Do not "fix" links to redirects that are not broken).
*Former Lt. Governor [[Michael Steele]]For more information, R-[[Maryland]]follow the category link.
*Senator [[Tom Coburn]], R-[[Oklahoma]]
*Former Sen. Fred Thompson, R-[[Tennessee]]
*House Minority Leader [[John Boehner]], R-[[Ohio]]
*Congressman Marsha Blackburngreenhouse gases redirects to greenhouse gas, R-etc. Note that [[Tennesseegreenhouse gas]]es shows up as greenhouse gases, so it is not usually necessary to redirect regular plurals. However third-party websites started adding automatic links to Wikipedia from their topics. Many of them follow the opposite naming convention, i.e., topics are named in plural, and the link to Wikipedia may land into an empty page, if there is no redirect. {{R from plural}} or{{R to singular}} Category:Redirects from plurals Related words --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*Congressman Luis Fortuño, R-[[Puerto Rico]]This is a redirect from a related word.
*Congressman Adam Putnam, R-[[Florida]]Related words in an article are good candidates for Wiktionary links.
*State SenRedirects from related words are not properly redirects from alternate spellings of the same word. Dennis HollingsworthBut at the same time, Rthey are also different from redirects from a sub-[[California]]topic, since the related word is unlikely to warrant a full sub-topic in the target page.
*Rosario MarinFor more information, California Secretary of follow the Statecategory link.
*Chris Collins
*Carolyn Dunn
*Phil Hayes
*Lisa KeeganSymbiont redirects to Symbiosis {{R from related word}} Category:Redirects from related words Sub-topics or closely related topics that should be explained within the text --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*Ruth NovodorThis is a redirect from a title for a topic more detailed than what is currently provided on the target page, or section of that page, hence something which can and should be expanded.
*DrWhen the target page becomes too large, this redirect may be replaced with an article carved out of the target page. See also Template:R to section, and when appropriate, use both together, and perhaps add a stub template or two to the redirect page as well. Elena Rios
*Shirley SadlerConversely, if the topic is not susceptible to a major expansion, tag instead with Template:R to section, or Template:R to list entry, depending on how the topic should be handled.
*Joe WatkinsDo not replace these redirected links with a link directly to the target page.
'''Wednesday 9/3 (ThemeFor more information, see the auto-category: Prosperity)Category:'''Redirects with possibilities.
*[[Cindy McCain]]
*Republican Party’s Vice Presidential Nominee
*Governor [[Bobby Jindal]], R-[[Louisiana]]
*Former Gov. [[Mitt Romney]], Distributed denial of service redirects to Denial of service {{Rwith possibilities}}Category:Redirects with possibilities People who are members of a group, organization, ensemble or team --------------------------------------------------------------------------------[[Massachusetts]]
*Senator [[Norm Coleman]]This is a redirect from a person who is a member of a group to more general related topics, R-[[Minnesota]]such as the group, organization, ensemble or team that he or she belongs to.
*Senator [[Kay Bailey Hutchison]]For more information, R-[[Texas]]follow the category link.
*Congressman [[Mike Pence]], Eric Dill redirects to The Click Five {{Rfrom member}}Category:Redirects from members Other capitalisations, to ensure that "Go" to a mixed-capitalisation article title is case-insensitive --------------------------------------------------------------------------------[[Indiana]]
*Mayor Mick CornettThis is a redirect from a title with another method of capitalisation. It leads to the title in accordance with the Wikipedia naming conventions for capitalisation, R-Oklahoma City and can help writing, searching, and international language issues. Apply one of the below templates to redirects created for this purpose. Other variants should use one of the other redirect templates such as from alternative spelling or from alternative name.
*State SenPages linking to any of these redirects may be updated to link directly to the target page. Abel MaldonadoHowever, R-[[California]]do not replace these redirected links with a piped link unless the page is updated for another reason.
*Carly FiorinaFor more information, Victory ‘08 Chairman for the RNC, former Chairman and CEO of Hewlett-Packard Cosee Category:Redirects from other capitalisations.
*Meg Whitman, National Co-Chair for McCain 2008 and former President and CEO of [[eBay]]
*Renee Amoore*Adding a redirect for mixed-capitalisation article titles (e.g., Isle of Wight) allows going to these articles to be case-insensitive. For example, without the redirect Isle of wight going to "Isle Of wight" or any capitalisation other than exactly 'Isle of Wight' would not find the article Isle of Wight.
*Anne Beiler*Why: Articles whose titles contain mixed-capitalisation words (not all initial caps, or not all lower case except the first word) are found only via an exact case match. (Articles, including redirects, whose titles are either all initial caps or only first word capitalised are found via "Go" using a case-insensitive match.)
*Jessica Colon*Note: Related redirects are needed only if the article title has two or more words and words following the first have different capitalisations. They are not needed, for example, for proper names which are all initial caps.
*Christy Swanson*Examples:
*Raul “Danny” Vargas*Natural Selection redirects to Natural selection Redirect Vice chancellor of austria to Vice-Chancellor of Austria is needed because the Go search is case-sensitive for mixed-caps titles. Adding this redirect allows the article to be found when a user enters "vice chancellor of austria" or "vice chancellor of Austria" as a Go search. No redirect to Francis Ford Coppola is needed because the "Go" command is case-insensitive for an article whose title is all initial caps. Any capitalisation (e.g. "francis fOrD CoPPola") entered as a "Go" will find the article. {{R from other capitalisation}} Category:Redirects from other capitalisations
'''Thursday 9/4 (Theme[edit] Alternative namesThis is a redirect from a title that is another name, a pseudonym, a nickname, or a synonym. It leads to the title in accordance with the naming conventions for common names and can help writing. It is not necessary to replace these redirected links with a piped link. For more information, see this reference pageand the Category: Peace):'''Redirects from alternative names.
*[[John McCain]]Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone redirects to Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone Wellie throwing redirects to Wellie wanging Cassinoide redirects to Cassini oval Butcher of Kurdistan redirects to Ali Hassan al-Majid Rev. Fred Phelps redirects to Fred Phelps Linear operator redirects to Linear map Reason Usage notes, and text that will be shown onPreviewing the page when applied. Tag /Category to find articles so tagged Full names such asMunicipality, Stateforms orVillage, City forms to briefer name form.
*Governor [[Charlie Crist]]This is a redirect from a title that includes name, R-[[Florida]]and a state or country name, and so is a synonym for an article with the briefer name.
*Governor [[Tim Pawlenty]]It leads to the title in accordance with the naming conventions for common names and can help writing. However, R-[[Minnesota]]do not replace these redirected links with a piped link unless the page is updated for another reason.
*Senator [[Sam Brownback]]For more information, R-[[Kansas]]see this reference page and the Category:Redirects from alternative but more complete names.
*Senator [[Lindsey Graham]], Use this template where possible instead of {{R-[[South Carolina]]from alternative names}}.
*Senator [[Mel Martinez]], R-[[Florida]]
*Former Senate Majority Leader [[Bill Frist]], R-[[Tennessee]]
*Congressman Mary Fallin--------------------------------------------------------------------------------Other names with a comma separating (delimiting) another larger geopolitical entity, normally a state such as "Notodden, Norway" giving a search capability by the full name. (And somewhat uncluttering Redirects from alternative names.) {{R-[[Oklahoma ]]from name and country}} Category:Redirects from alternative but more complete names Full namespersons, things, topics and such alternative forms of names redirected to briefer article page names.
*Michael Williams, Chairman of the Texas Railroad Commission--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*David FlauThis is a redirect from a title that is a complete or more complete name, as of a person or a legislative act.
*Christopher FussnerIt leads to the title in accordance with the naming conventions for common names and can help writing. However, do not replace these redirected links with a piped link unless the page is updated for another reason.
*Lt. General Carol Mutter, U.S. Marine Corps (Ret.)
*Charlie SmithFor more information, see Wikipedia:Redirect and the Category:Redirects from full names.
==Vice Presidential Candidates== {{R from full name}} Category:Redirects from full names Other names,Alternative namesgeneral pseudonyms, nicknames, and synonyms that are not historic names or a full name as above. {{R from alternative name}} or{{R from other name}} Category:Redirects from alternative names Other names with Historic significance, where subsumed into a modern entity or region.
===Democratic Vice-Presidential Candidate===On August 23rd, Senator Barack Obama announced, via text message to 3 million cell phone numbers of his supporters, his nomination of Joseph Biden to Vice President. Biden's selection was considered to be a prudent move by Obama, filling a hole in his own foreign policy experience that McCain could exploit. With the implosion of [[John Edwards]], Biden was widely expected to be the choice. In order to help build up suspense, Biden said he was not chosen when he spoke to the press the day before, only to be shown as the Vice Presidential candidate the next day. A long-term senator and Washington insider with over two decades of service in the Senate, his earlier plagarism scandal was deemed to be less of a negative than the positive that his strong experience credentials could bring to the race. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
[[Image:06 bidenThis is a redirect from a title that is another name, a pseudonym, a nickname, or a synonym that has a significant historic past as a region, state, principate's holding, city, city-state or such, but which region has been subsumed into a modern era municipality, district or state, or otherwise experienced a name change.gif|thumb|left|100px|Joseph Biden]]<br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br><br>
===Republican Vice-Presidential Candidate===[[Image:Sarah Palin.jpg|thumb|left|100px|thumb]]*Governor [[Sarah Palin]] of [[Alaska]] was announced as John McCain's choice early on Friday, August 29th, the day after the Democratic convention ended. A surprise choice not even considered by the press It leads to be on McCain's short list, her selection caught the political world off guard. It had been expected that [[Mitt Romney]] would earn title in accordance with the honor, but McCain had other ideasnaming conventions for common names and can help writing. At first denigrated by the people in the Obama campaignHowever, Obama's own statement was one of cautious neutrality to feel out what impact her selection would have on do not replace these redirected links with a piped link unless the racepage is updated for another reason.<br><br><br><br><br>
In an interesting twist, the selection of the Vice Presidential candidates changed the complexion of the race. By Obama picking Biden, he helped to fill the hole that McCain had been attacking dealing with a lack of foreign policy experience. McCain's strongest point, experience, would lose some of its luster. But the selection of BidenFor more information, see Wikipedia:Redirect and the passing over of Hillary Clinton, left another opening. By aligning himself with someone who has been a Democratic stalwart, Obama's claim to change became less pronounced. McCain seized upon that to select a Vice President that no one expected, and a woman, and steal some of the Democratic thunder. Her lack of experience would further cut into the experience angle that had been in play earlier, but her own maverick streak in becoming governor combined with John McCain's maverick choice in selecting her led to a new emphasis on McCain's own maverick past. Suddenly he saw an opportunity to steal the moniker of change that Obama had been wearing, and he went for it. Such a change in position occurring Category:Redirects from the Vice Presidential selection in rare in Presidential politicshistoric names under Category:Redirects from alternative names.
==Debates=====Presidential Debates===Note that in some cases, the entity can have articles under several names, each discussing the period of the entity''Main Article: s history when it had a particular name; see for example Byzantium, Istanbul and Constantinople. Depending upon the age and historic detail known about a principality, many of these might also be tagged with {{[[2008 Presidential DebatesTemplate: R with possibilities| R with possibilities]]''}} {{R from historic name}} Category:Redirects from historic names Scientific names(from such to briefer) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
There have been three [[Presidential Debates|presidential debates]] for This is a redirect from the 2008 election season. The first debate was held on September 26th, at the University of Mississippi. The topic for the debate was "Foreign Policy & National Security." The debate also talked in length about the economy. It was moderated by Jim Lehrer. The debate was a podium debate, broken into 9 nine-minute segments. The moderator introduced a topic, and then each candidate had 2 minutes scientific name to comment. Following their answers, there was 5 minutes of open discussion on the topic, facilitated by the moderator. The result was a statistical draw where both candidates did better than expected in the eyes of the public. The longer term impact worked out well for Obama who already had a lead going in, and benefited from solidfying that positioncommon name.
The second debate was held on October 7th, at Belmont University in Nashville, TN. The moderator was Tom Brokaw, and the debate was in a town hall-style. The questions came from audience members and the Internet, as chosen by the moderator. After each question, the candidates will had two minutes each See also Template:R to respond, as well as a one-minute followup to the opposing candidate's response. Again the result was a statical draw as far as who was considered to be the winner. But with time running out for McCain, he needed something to make the poll numbers move, and that required a clear breakthrough. scientific name
The final debate was held on October 15th, at Hofstra University in Hempstead, NY. The topic for the debate was "Domestic and Economic Policy" and was moderated by Bob Schieffer. The candidates were seated at a table, as opposed to behind a podium, and the format followed that of the first debate. In addition, though, the candidates were given an opportunity to present a 90-second closing argument. Both candidates were again viewed as having done well, which was a tactical defeat for McCain as the poll numbers showed only small changes.
===Vice Presidential Debate===
There was one vice presidential debate held on October 2nd, at Washington University in Saint Louis, MO. The debate was moderated by Gwen Ifill. Palin did much better than expected, but Biden was also in top form. No clear winner emerged and the poll numbers remained largely unchanged, a strategic win for the Democratic ticket that only had to maintain their lead to win the election. Interestingly, the number of people who watched the debate was an alltime record for a Vice Presidential debate, and was viewed by more people than any of the three Presidential debates.
==Third parties and Independents==Heosemys depressa redirects to Arakan Forest Turtle ===Libertarian party===Deuterium oxide redirects to Heavy water The [[Libertarian Party]] selected former Representative [[Bob Barr]] of [[Georgia]] as its 2008 presidential candidate on May 25, 2008.<ref>http:1P//</ref> Halley redirects to Comet Halley Former Democratic candididate [[Mike Gravel]] sought {{R from scientific name}} Category:Redirects from scientific names Scientific names(commonplace name to more formal, specific article name) This is a redirect from the Libertarian nomination but lost common name to Barrthe scientific name.<ref> </ref>
Barr has, on his campaign website, linked See also Template:R from scientific name European shore crab redirects to a proposed Libertarian strategy laid out by a member of his campaign staff. Although Barr has not officially claimed this as his strategy, the link appears Carcinus maenas Baking soda redirects to be a tacit endorsement. The strategy is called the "gold states" strategy. Instead of waging a 50Sodium bicarbonate Alnitak redirects to Zeta Orionis {{R to scientific name}} Category:Redirects to scientific names Other languages ------------------------------------------------------------------------------state campaign with the aim of securing 270 electoral votes and an outright electoral college win, Barr would focus on about 18-20 states where neither Obama or McCain has strong support. Winning that number of states could net Barr from 180-200 electoral votes, and would exceed either Obama or McCain's number and prevent either of them from reaching 270. Under US Constitution Amendment 12, with no candidate having an electoral vote majority, the election would be thrown into the House of Representatives, which would have to choose the president from the top three electoral vote getters. At this stage, Barr could argue that as the top electoral vote recipient, he should become the President, and might draw support from conservative Democrats displeased with Obama's positions, and from Republicans who dislike McCain.
Although winning the largest number of electoral votes would assist Barr in making such This is a redirect from an argument, it is not absolutely necessary. Given the close divide English name to a name in the electoral vote in the 2000 and 2004 electionsanother language, Barr could throw the vote into the House by winning a handful of states to garner perhaps 15or vice-20 electoral votesversa.
The House of Representatives currently has a Democratic majority, but it is important It leads to note that under the US Constitution Amendment 12, title in accordance with the vote is not a straight vote of the members of the House. Instead, each ''State'' gets one single vote, naming conventions for titles in other languages and that vote is determined by the members from that Statecan help writing. Although many large states like California and New York have large Democratic majoritiesHowever, do not replace these will be balanced by the many smaller Southern and Midwestern states redirected links with Republican majorities. A handful of states have an even number of House members, and are split down a piped link unless the middle page is updated for controlanother reason.
===Constitution Party===The [[Constitution Party]] held its convention in Kansas CityFor more information, Kansas, on April 24 through April 27. The party nominated Pastor [[Chuck Baldwin]] over former U.N. Ambassador and Republican presidential candidate [[Alan Keyes]].<ref> the category link.php?aid=751 </ref>
===Green Party===
[[Cynthia McKinney]], who was defeated in her bid for re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives after voting against the [[Iraq War]] and being arrested on battery charges after striking a Capitol Hill police officer, won the [[environmentalist]] [[Green Party]]'s nomination for president at the party convention July 12, 2008. Running for Vice President on the Green ticket is "Hip-Hop activist and journalist" Rosa Clemente.<ref></ref>
[[Ralph Nader]] announced his independent candidacy for president on February 24, 2008, to focus on "stem[ming] corporate crime and Pentagon waste and promot[ing] labor rights", issues he feels are ignored by the main parties.<ref>,4670,APNader,00.html</ref> His [[running mate]] is former President of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors [[Matt Gonzalez]].<ref></ref>
New York City Mayor [[Michael Bloomberg]] has been frequently mentioned as a possible independent candidate for the 2008 presidential election and fueled that speculation when he left the Republican Party in June 2007. However, he declared in a February 28, 2008, op-ed article in ''The New York Times'', "I am not—and will not be—a candidate for president," but added that "[i]f a candidate takes an independent, nonpartisan approach—and embraces practical solutions that challenge party orthodoxy—I’ll join others in helping that candidate win the White House."<ref>[ "I'm Not Running for President, but..."]</ref>
The Abduction from the Seraglio redirects to Die Entführung aus dem Serail
Brown seaweed redirects to Wakame
Argumentum ad ignorantiam redirects to argument from ignorance
As-Sulta Al-Wataniyya Al-Filastiniyya redirects to Palestinian National Authority
{{R from alternative language}}
Category:Redirects from alternative languages
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==Historical Information=====Withdrawn Republican Party Candidates===*Senator [[Sam Brownback]], [[Kansas]], withdrew October 19, 2007, citing This is a lack of funding.<ref></ref> Brownback also had done poorly at key conservative milestones, such as the [[Value Voters Debate]].<ref>, Brownback lost sizably to [[Mike Huckabee]].</ref> He endorsed Senator [[John McCain]] of [[Arizona]]. *Former Governor [[Jim Gilmore]], [[Virginia]], withdrew July 14, 2007 due to lack of funds.*Former Mayor [[Rudy Giuliani|Rudolph Giuliani]], [[New York City]] He withdrew after redirect from a defeat title in [[Florida]], on which he had depended on heavily. He endorsed John McCain afterwards. *Former Governor [[Mike Huckabee]], [[Arkansas]]. He withdrew from the race once McCain received the 1,191 delegates needed basic ASCII to win the nomination. He also promised to support McCain as the nomineeformal article title, thus giving his endorsement to him. *Representative [[Duncan Hunter]], [[California]] 52nd, withdrew January 19, 2008 and endorsed Governor Mike Huckabee.*Representative [[Ron Paul]], [[Texas]] 14th, withdrew June 12, 2008. He has since encouraged people ''with differences that are not'' to vote McCain and vote third party <ref> </ref>.*Former Governor [[Mitt Romney]]diacritical marks (accents, [[Massachusetts]]umlauts, suspended his campaign after poor showings on [[Super Tuesday]] and later endorsed John McCain. *Representative [[Tom Tancredo]], [[Colorado]] 6th, withdrew December 20, 2007. He endorsed fmr. Governor [[Mitt Romney]] of [[Massachusetts]]. *Former Senator [[Fred Thompson]], [[Tennessee]]. He endorsed [[John McCain]] of Arizona. *Former Governor and HS Secretary [[Tommy Thompson]], withdrew August 12, 2007. He endorsed fmr. Mayor [[Rudy Giuliani]] of [[New York]]etc.)
===Potential Republican Candidates Who Declined Use this redirect link (without piping) when the page concerns language translation or English language equivalents. Other pages using this link should be updated to Run===*Former Senator [[George Allen]]replace text with the redirect target (again, Virginia - endorsed Fred Thompsonwithout piping).*Former Governor [[Jeb Bush]], [[Florida]] - endorsed John McCain. *[[Vice President]] [[Dick Cheney]]*Former Senate Majority Leader [[Bill Frist]], Tennessee*Former [[Speaker of the House]] [[Newt Gingrich]], [[Georgia]]*Senator [[Chuck Hagel]], [[Nebraska]]*Former Governor [[George Pataki]], New York*[[Secretary of State]] [[Condoleezza Rice]]*Governor [[Mark Sanford]], [[South Carolina]]*Former Senator [[Rick Santorum]], [[Pennsylvania]]
For more information, follow the category link.
=== Withdrawn Democratic Party candidates ===
*Senator [[Joseph Biden]], [[Delaware]]<ref> </ref> He withdrew after a disappointing finish in the [[Iowa Caucus]]. He became Senator [[Obama]]'s running mate.
*Senator [[Hillary Clinton]], [[New York]] Suspended her campaign after Obama reached the number of needed delegates. She endorsed him shortly afterwards.
*Senator [[Chris Dodd]], [[Connecticut]]<ref></ref> He withdrew after a disappointing finish in the [[Iowa Caucus]] and later endorsed Senator [[Barack Obama]].
*Former Senator [[John Edwards]], [[North Carolina]]. He withdrew after losing in all of the early primary states. He later endorsed Senator Obama after Obama won the North Carolina primary.
*Former Senator [[Mike Gravel]], [[Alaska]]. He withdrew to seek the Libertarian party nomination (which he lost to Bob Barr.) He also endorsed Green Party Candidate, Jesse Johnson. <ref> </ref>
*Representative [[Dennis Kucinich]], [[Ohio]] 10th<ref> </ref> He withdrew to keep his seat in the House of Representatives.
*Governor [[Bill Richardson]], [[New Mexico]]<ref>
[ AP: Bill Richardson Drops Out of Democratic Presidential Race], [[Associated Press]], [[Fox News Channel]], January 9, 2008</ref> He withdrew after twin fourth-place finishes (in Iowa and New Hampshire) that showed his credentials could not compete with his rivals’ star power. He later endorsed Senator Obama.
*Former Governor [[Tom Vilsack]], Iowa. He dropped out early in the race and endorsed [[Hillary Clinton]] of [[New York]]
===Potential Democratic Candidates Who Declined to Run===
*Senator [[Evan Bayh]], [[Indiana]] - endorsed Hillary Clinton
*[[General]] [[Wesley Clark]] (Ret.) - endorsed Hillary Clinton
*Former Senate Minority Leader [[Tom Daschle]], [[South Dakota]]
*Former Governor and current DNC Chairman [[Howard Dean]], [[Vermont]]
*Senator [[Russ Feingold]], [[Wisconsin]]
*Former Vice President [[Al Gore]], [[Tennessee]]
*Senator [[John Kerry]], Massachusetts - endorsed Barack Obama
*Rev. [[Al Sharpton]]
*Former Governor [[Mark Warner]], [[Virginia]]
For expanded primary information see [[United States Presidential Election, 2008 Ulla Toernaes redirects to Ulla Tørnæs {{R from ASCII}} Category:Redirects from titles with ASCII Diacritical marks -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Primaries]]
John McCain had This is a redirect to get his footing at firstthe article title with diacritical marks (accents, but was pretty much assured umlauts, etc.) The correct spelling is given by the Republican nomination after [[Super Tuesday]]. Barack Obama had a much tougher road, but rode out a string target of victories in February to eventually outlast Clinton and take the nomination. During that time he had raised more money than any other candidate in history giving him a huge boost, a trend that would continue into the general electionredirect.
==See Also==*[[Previous Breaking News/2008 Presidential Election|Articles about Use this redirect link (without piping) when the '''2008 Presidential Election''' from previous "Breaking News"]]page concerns language translation or English language equivalents. Other pages using this link should be updated to replace text with the redirect target (again, without piping).
== References ==<small><references/></small>For more information, follow the category link.
{{2008 presidential candidates}}
{{DEFAULTSORT:2008, United States presidential election,}}
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It may be appropriate to make this kind of change if the hint that appears when a user hovers over the link is misleading.  [edit]Redirecting non-articles [edit]Template redirectsA template T2 can be redirected to another template T1 by entering the following command at the top of T2: #REDIRECT [[Template:T1]]This creates an alias (T2 is an alias for T1). The alias name T2 can be used instead of the "real" template T1. A categorisation template such as {{R from other template}} should be added to T2 as follows: {{R from other template|T1}}Aliases for templates can cause confusion and make migrations of template calls more complicated. For example, assume calls to T1 are to be changed ("migrated") to some new template TN1. To catch all calls, articles must be searched for {{T1}} and all aliases of T1 (T2 in this case).  [edit] Category redirectsAlthough it is possible to attempt to redirect categories by adding a line such as #REDIRECT [[:Category:Automotive technologies]] to a category, it is not generally recommended because of limitations in the mediawiki software. Categories "redirected" in this way do not prevent the addition of articles to the redirected category. Articles added to the "redirected" category do not show up as in the target category. Until these issues are addressed (in future versions of the software), #REDIRECT should not be added to category pages. "Soft" redirects for categories can be created using {{Category redirect}}. A bot traverses categories redirected in this manner moving articles out of the redirected category into the target category, see Template talk:Category redirect.     [edit] See alsoWikimedia Commons has media related to: RedirectWikipedia:WikiProject Redirect Wikipedia:Soft redirect Wikipedia:How to edit a page Wikipedia:How to rename (move) a page Wikipedia:Redirects for discussion Wikipedia:Redirects with possibilities User:Daniel Quinlan/redirects-project Wikipedia:List of interwiki redirects Wikipedia:Double redirects (maintenance list for items to be fixed; and instructions after moving a page) Wikipedia:Redirects to be made Wikipedia:Disambiguation Wikipedia:Hatnote Retrieved from ""Categories: Wikipedia editing guidelines | Redirects from shortcut | Unprintworthy redirects | Redirects to list entries | Redirects from misspellings | Redirects from alternative spellings | Redirects from plurals | Redirects from related words | Redirects with possibilities | Redirects from members | Redirects from other capitalisations | Redirects from alternative but more complete names | Redirects from full names | Redirects from alternative names | Redirects from historic names | Redirects from scientific names | Printworthy redirects | Redirects to scientific names | Redirects from alternative languages | Redirects from titles with ASCII | Redirects from title without diacritics | Redirects from surnames | Redirects to disambiguation pages | Redirects from "As of" | Redirects to decade | Redirects with old history | Redirects from EXIF information | Redirects from school articles | Redirects from merges | Redirects from duplicated articles | Redirects | Wikipedia features | Wikipedia how-toViewsProject page Discussion Edit this page History Personal toolsLog in / create account NavigationMain page Contents Featured content Current events Random article Search InteractionAbout Wikipedia Community portal Recent changes Contact Wikipedia Donate to Wikipedia Help ToolboxWhat links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Printable version Permanent link LanguagesAfrikaans العربية Català Bân-lâm-gú Česky Dansk Deutsch Ελληνικά Español Esperanto فارسی Français Frysk Galego 한국어 Հայերեն हिन्दी Hrvatski Bahasa Indonesia Italiano עברית Lietuvių Nederlands 日本語 ‪Norsk (bokmål)‬ Polski Português Română Русский Slovenčina Slovenščina Српски / Srpski Srpskohrvatski / Српскохрватски Suomi Svenska தமிழ் తెలుగు ไทย Tiếng Việt Українська ייִדיש 粵語 中文  This page was last modified on 5 November 2008, at 04:57. 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