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Faith healing

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{{refimprove'''Faith healing''' is the practice of some [[religion|date=December 2008}}{{dablinkreligious]] and [[spirituality|"Spiritual Healing" redirects here. For spiritual]] groups of choosing to [[prayer|pray]] for the album by recovery of the band ill or injured. The term is most commonly associated with the practice of calling upon [[Death (band)God]] to enact a [[miracle|Deathmiraculous]], see cure when conventional [[Spiritual Healing (album)medicine]]has no answer. An example would be a man in a wheelchair asked to rise who normally would have no ability to do so. Within Christianity, this practice is most common within the Charismatic movements.}}
'''Faith healing''' is the attempt to use [[religious]] or [[spirituality|spiritual]] means such as [[prayer]], mental practices, spiritual insights, or other techniques to prevent illness, cure [[disease]], or improve health. Faith healers say they can summon divine or supernatural intervention on behalf of the ill. Faith healers say their practice may afford gradual relief from pain or sickness or bring about sudden "miracle cures." Faith healing may be used in place of, or in tandem with, conventional medical techniques for alleviating or curing diseases. It has been criticized on the grounds that those who use it may delay seeking conventional medical care. This is particularly problematic when parents use faith healing on children. ==Faith healing in various belief systems=====Christianity===The term "faith healing" is sometimes used in reference to the belief of some [[Christianity|Christians]] who hold that [[God]] heals people through the power of the [[Holy Spirit]], often involving the "[[laying on of hands]]". In the four [[gospel]]s in the [[Christian Bible]], [[Jesus]] is said to cure physical ailments well outside the capacity of first century medicine, most explicitly in the case of "a woman who had had a discharge of blood for twelve years, and who had suffered much under many physicians, and had spent all that she had, and was not better but rather grew worse."<ref>[http://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=mark%205:26-27&version=47 BibleGateway.com - Passage Lookup: Mark 5:26-27<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>. Jesus endorsed the use of the medical assistance of the time (medicines of oil and wine) when he praised the fictitious Good Samaritan for acting as a physician, telling his disciples to go and do the same thing that the Samaritan did in the story.<ref>{{cite news | url=http://thefaithfulword.org/faithhealing.html | title=Faith Healing &ndash; God’s Compassion, God’s Power, and God’s Sovereignty: Is a Christian permitted to seek medical assistance and to use medicine? |date=December 2003 | first=Craig | last=Booth | accessdate =2007-05-01}}</ref> The healing in the gospels is referred to as a sign<ref>[http://www.ibs.org/niv/passagesearch.php?passage_request=John%206:2&niv=yes John 6:2]</ref> to prove his divinity and to foster belief in himself as the Christ.<ref>[http://www.ibs.org/niv/passagesearch.php?passage_request=John%204:48&niv=yes John 4:48]</ref> However, when asked for other types of miracles, Jesus refused some<ref>[http://www.ibs.org/niv/passagesearch.php?passage_request=mat+12%3A38&niv=yes&submit=Lookup Mat 12:38]</ref> but granted others,<ref>Luke 9:38-43</ref> in consideration of the motive of the request, but He healed all present every single time, sometimes determining whether they had [[faith]] that he would heal them, but the sole contributing factor was His faith for them. Jesus commanded his followers to heal the sick, and said that signs such as healing were evidence of faith {{bibleverse||Mark|16:17-18}}; {{bibleverse||Matthew|10:8}}. ====Catholicism==== Faith healing is reported by [[Roman Catholic Church|Catholics]] as the result of [[intercessory prayer]] to a [[saint]] or to a person with the gift of healing. Among the best-known accounts by Catholics of faith healings are those attributed to the miraculous intercession of the apparition of the [[Blessed Virgin Mary]] known as [[Our Lady of Lourdes]] at the [[grotto]] of [[Lourdes]] in [[France]], and the remissions of life-threatening disease claimed by those who Other groups have applied for aid to [[Saint Jude]], who is known as the "[[patron saint]] of lost causes".<ref>[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12549a.htm ''Faith healing'': The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XII. Published 1911. New York: Robert Appleton Company.]</ref><ref>[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09389b.htm ''Lourdes'': The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume XII. Published 1911. New York: Robert Appleton Company.]</ref>  The Catholic Church has given official recognition to 67 miracles and 7,000 otherwise-inexplicable medical cures since the Blessed Virgin Mary first appeared in Lourdes in February 1858. These cures are subjected to intense medical scrutiny and are only recognized as authentic spiritual cures after a commission of doctors and scientists, called the [[Lourdes Medical Bureau]], has ruled out any physical mechanism for the patient's recovery.<ref name="zenit">[http://www.ewtn.com/library/MARY/ZLURDCUR.HTM ''How Lourdes Cures are Recognized as Miraculous'' ZENIT International News Agency, 11 FEB. 2004. Retrieved [[December 14]], 2007.] </ref><ref name="bertrin">''Lourdes: A History of its Apparitions and Cures'' by Georges Bertrin (author) and Mrs. Philip Gibbs (English language translator), 1908. Reprinted by Kessinger Publishing, 2004 ISBN 1417981237 </ref> ====Christian Science==== [[Christian Science]] teaches that healing is possible through an understanding of the underlying, spiritual perfection of God's creation. The world as humanly perceived is believed to be a distortion of the underlying spiritual reality. Christian Scientists believe that healing through [[prayer]] is possible insofar as it succeeds in correcting the distortion. Christian Scientists are free to choose either prayer or medication in the treatment of health problems, but they usually avoid using the two methods at the same time, in the belief that they tend to counteract each other. ====Pentecostalism/Charismaticism====At the turn of the 20th century, the new [[Pentecostalism|Pentecostal]] movement drew participants from the [[Holiness movement]] and other movements in America that already believed in divine healing. There were many pastors and evangelists in the US, England, and other countries who believed in a God who healed the sick. Most Pentecostal historians trace the beginnings of the modern movement to the [[Azusa Street Revival]] in Los Angeles. The revival was started through the ministry of an African American preacher named [[William J. Seymour]], who was inspired by [[Charles Fox Parham]]. During the Azusa Street meetings, according to witnesses who wrote about them, blind, crippled or other sick people would be healed. The prayer room upstairs was decorated with crutches from people whose prayers had been answered. People flocked from all over the US and around the world to Azusa Street amidst reports of speaking in tongues and other spiritual gifts. Belief in divine healing was generally accepted by participants in the Azusa Street meetings. Some of the participants would eventually minister extensively in this area. For example, [[John G. Lake]] was present during the years of the Azusa Street revival. Lake had earned huge sums of money in the insurance business at the turn of the century but gave away his possessions with the exception of food for his children while he and his wife fasted on a trip to Africa to do missionary work. Certain people he'd never met before gave him money and keys to a place to stay which were required to enter South Africa at the dock. His writings tell of numerous healing miracles he and others performed as over 500 churches were planted in South Africa. Lake returned to the US and set up healing rooms in [[Spokane, Washington]]. During the 1920s and 1930s [[Aimee Semple McPherson]] was a more controversial faith healer of growing popularity during the [[Great Depression]].  [[Smith Wigglesworth]] was also a well-known figure in the early part of the 20th century. A former English plumber turned evangelist, who lived simply and read nothing but the Bible from the time his wife taught him to read, Wigglesworth traveled around the world preaching about Jesus and performing faith healings. There are reports of Wigglesworth raising several people from the dead in Jesus' name in his meetings. [[William Branham]] is usually credited as being the founder of the post World War II healing revivals.<ref>''Dictionary of Christianity In America'' (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 1990) p. 182.</ref><ref>''Dictionary of Pentecostal and Charismatic Movements'' (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 1988) p. 372.</ref><ref>Anderson, A., ''An Introduction to Pentecostalism'' (Cambridge University Press, 2004) p 58.</ref><ref>Harrell, D.E., ''All Things Are Possible: The Healing and Charismatic Revivals in Modern America'' (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1978) p. 25.</ref><ref>Hollenweger, W. J., ''Pentecostalism: Origins and Developments Worldwide'', (Hendrickson Publications, 1997) p. 229.</ref><ref>Weaver, C.D., ''The Healer-Prophet: William Marrion Branham (A study of the Prophetic in American Pentecostalism)'' (Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 2000) p. 139.</ref> By the late 1940s [[Oral Roberts]] was well known, and he continued with faith healing until the 1980s. A friend of Roberts was [[Kathryn Kuhlman]], another popular faith healer who gained fame in the 1950s and had a television program on [[CBS]]. Also in this era, [[Jack Coe]] and [[A. A. Allen]] were faith healers with a large following, and they traveled with large tents that were used to hold mobile, open air crusades.  Oral Roberts's successful use of television as a medium to gain a wider audience led others to follow suitdoctrine. For example, instance [[Pat Robertson]] and [[Peter Popoff]] became well-known [[televangelistChristian Scientist]]s who claimed to heal the sick.<ref name="Randi">{{cite book| last = Randi | first = James | authorlink = James Randi | year = 1989 | title = [[The Faith Healers]] | publisher = Prometheus Books | isbn = 0-87975-535-0 page 10}}</ref> [[Richard Rossi]], known for advertising his healing clinics through [[secular]] television and radio, claimed he could demonstrate and prove Goddon's power to unbelievers. ====Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints====With claims of being the true and restored Church of Jesus Christ himself, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has had a long history of faith healings. Most healings come as a result priesthood blessings. Latter-day Saints t believe that the Priesthood of God, originally held by Adam, Enoch, Moses and others was restored via heavenly messengers to church founder Joseph Smith<ref>http://en.fairmormon.org/Joseph_Smith_healings_and_miracles</ref>. ===Spiritualism=== [[Spiritualism (religious movement)|Spiritualism]] is a religion which holds as a tenet the belief that contact is possible between the living and the spirits of the dead. For this reason, death, as an outcome of disease, may not seem as frightening to Spiritualists as it does to those who practice other religions. According to the 20th century Spiritualist author [[Lloyd Kenyon Jones]], "This does not mean that sickness is unreal. It is real enough from the mortal viewpoint. The spirit feels the pain, senses the discomfiture of the flesh-body, even though the spirit is not ill."<ref name="Jones"> Jones, Lloyd, Kenyon. ''Healing Forces.''1919; reprinted by Lormar Press, Chicago, 1948.</ref> [[Spiritualism]] does not promote "mental" cures of the type advocated by New Thought; however, help from the "spirit world" (including advice given by the spirits of deceased physicians) is sought, and may be seen as central to the healing process. As with practitioners of New Thought, Spiritualists may combine faith healing with conventional medical therapies. As Jones explained it, "We are not taught to put the burden on our minds. We do not 'will away' in illness. But &ndash; we do not fear illness. [...] When we ask the spirit-world to relieve us of a bodily ill, we have gone as far as our own understanding and diligence permit. [...] We have faith, and confidence, and belief. [...] If medicine at times will assist, we take seeing it &ndash; not as a habit, but as a little push over the hill. If we need medical attention, we secure it."<ref name="Jones" /> ===Islam=== The basic Islamic belief includes accepting Allah(God) as the true master manifestation of all. This includes in healing and medicine. Islamic belief encourages followers to seek the appropriate medical attention and meanwhile believe that no medicine will work if God doesn't want it to work. So it means, in Islam you go to a doctor get the treatment and pray to God to cure youspiritual battleIn the very first revealation to Muhammad, Allah talks about how man was created (Surah Alaq, Ayah number 2). This points towards the very necessity of muslims to learn Medicine. Some scholars goes to say that the age of science started from this revelation as it shed light how man was created in an era where modren medicine consisted of herbs.  There are many specific Quranic versus that Islamic scholars have found to help in many common conditions like head aches and fevers. And in case been cases of serious illnesses scholars tend to write these versus and make the patient wear it on the body, this is also known as Taweez. Other than deaths that Islam faith healing is non-existing. But its part of Islamic Faith to get cured and to learn how to cure. So if a muslim is ill and seeks medical attention he is doing a good deed for which he will be rewarded. But if a person doesn't seek Medical attention and is mutilating his body its unethical and Haram. And since have resulted where it is a muslim belief believed that a human's body is not his own but it is the property of God, so he is destroying a thing from God and that makes him a sinner. ==Criticism==<!--COMMENETD OUT: Fact tagged for one month and no cite applied:In some countries, parents argue that constitutional guarantees of religious freedom include the right to rely on alternative healing to the exclusion of modern medical care. Doctors as a rule consider it their duty to do everything that they can in the interests of the patient. In consequence, where they deem medical treatment necessary to save a child's life or health, and balancing the question with legal and privacy concerns, they may act contrary to the preference of a patient's parents. In 2000, a UK government ruling allowed a child to be treated by doctors against the parents' wishes.--Fact|date=October 2007----> ===Inefficacy and alternative explanations===While faith in the supernatural is not in itself usually considered to be the purview of science,<ref name='Gould_magisteria'> {{cite journal|title=Nonoverlapping Magisteria|journal=Natural History|date=1997-03|first=Stephen Jay|last=Gould|coauthors=|volume=106|issue=|pages=16–22|id= |url=http://www.stephenjaygould.org/library/gould_noma.html|format=|accessdate=2008-01-17 }}</ref><ref name='SI_science'>{{cite news | first=Bruce | last=Flamm | coauthors= | title=The Columbia University 'Miracle' Study: Flawed and Fraud | date=2004-09 | publisher=Committee for Skeptical Inquiry | url =http://csicop.org/si/2004-09/miracle-study.html | work =Skeptical Inquirer | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-17 | language = }} "The "faith" in faith healing refers to an irrational belief, unsupported by evidence, that mysterious supernatural powers can eradicate disease. Science deals with evidence, not faith." </ref> claims of reproducible effects are nevertheless subject to scientific investigation. A [[Cochrane Collaboration|Cochrane review]] of intercessory prayer<ref name='Cochrane_intercessory'> {{cite journal|title=Intercessory prayer for the alleviation of ill health|journal=Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews|date=1997-10-20|first=L.|last=Roberts|coauthors=I. Ahmed, S. Hall|volume=4|issue=|pages=|doi= 10.1002/14651858.CD000368.pub2|url=|format=|accessdate= }}</ref> found [[statistical significance|essentially no effect]], and a recent study not included in the review found similar results for the effect of intercessory prayer on outcome for heart surgery.<ref name='HBenson'> {{cite journal|title=Study of the Therapeutic Effects of Intercessory Prayer (STEP) in cardiac bypass patients: a multicenter randomized trial of uncertainty and certainty of receiving intercessory prayer|journal=American Heart Journal|date=2006-04|first=H.|last=Benson|coauthors=Dusek JA, Sherwood JB, Lam P, Bethea CF, Carpenter W, Levitsky S, Hill PC, Clem DW Jr, Jain MK, Drumel D, Kopecky SL, Mueller PS, Marek D, Rollins S, Hibberd PL|volume=151|issue=4|pages=934–942|pmid=16569567 |url=|format=|accessdate=|doi=10.1016/j.ahj.2005.05.028 }}</ref> The [[American Medical Association]] considers that prayer as therapy should not be a medically reimbursable or deductible expense.<ref name="autogenerated1"> {{cite web|url=http://www.ama-assn.org/apps/pf_new/pf_online?f_n=browse&doc=policyfiles/HnE/H-185.987.HTM |title=H-185.987 Prayer Fees Reimbursed As Medical Expenses |accessdate=2008-01-17 |publisher=American Medical Association }}</ref> Skeptics of faith healing offer primarily two explanations for anecdotes of cures or improvements, relieving any need to appeal to the supernatural.<ref name='USDMoores1'>{{cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Complementary and Alternative Therapies for Cancer Patients: Faith Healing | date= | publisher=Moores UCSD Cancer Center | url =http://cancer.ucsd.edu/Outreach/PublicEducation/CAMs/faith.asp | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-17 | language = }} "Benefits may result because of the natural progression of the illness, rarely but regularly occurring spontaneous remission or through the placebo effect. " </ref><ref name='skepdic'> {{cite web|url=http://skepdic.com/faithhealing.html |title=faith healing |accessdate=2008-01-16 |last=Carroll |first=Robert Todd |work=The Skeptic's Dictionary }}</ref> The first is ''[[post hoc ergo propter hoc]]'', meaning that a genuine improvement or [[spontaneous remission]] may could have been experienced coincidental with but independent from anything cured the faith healer or patient did or saidcondition. These patients would have improved just as well even had they done nothing. The second is the [[placebo]] effect, through which a person may experience genuine pain relief and other symptomatic alleviation. In this case, the patient genuinely has been helped by the faith healer or faith-based remedy, not through any mysterious or numinous function, but by the power of their own belief that they would be healed.<ref name="Park">{{cite book | last = Park | first = Robert L. | authorlink = Robert L. Park | title = Voodoo Science: The Road from Foolishness to Fraud | publisher = Oxford University Press | year = 2000 | location = New York, New York | pages = 50–51 | isbn = 0-19-513515-6 }}</ref><ref name='USDMoores2'>{{cite news | first= | last= | coauthors= | title=Complementary and Alternative Therapies for Cancer Patients: Faith Healing | date= | publisher=Moores UCSD Cancer Center | url =http://cancer.ucsd.edu/Outreach/PublicEducation/CAMs/faith.asp | work = | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-17 | language = }} "Patients who seek the assistance of a faith healer must believe strongly in the healer’s divine gifts and ability to focus them on the ill." </ref> In both cases the patient may experience a real reduction in symptoms, though in neither case has anything miraculous or inexplicable occurred. Both cases, however, are strictly limited to the body's natural abilities. There are also some cases of fraud (faking the condition) or ineffective healing (believing the condition has been healed immediately after the "healing", and later finding out it has not). These are discussed in following sections. ===Negative impact on public health===Reliance on faith healing to the exclusion of other forms of treatment can have a public health impact when it reduces or eliminates access to modern medical techniques.<ref name='SRAM_Flamm'> {{cite journal|title=Inherent Dangers of Faith Healing Studies|journal=Scientific Review of Alternative Medicine|date=Fall/Winter 2004-2005|first=Bruce L.|last=Flamm|coauthors=|volume=8|issue=2|pages=|id= |url=http://www.sram.org/0802/faith-healing.html|format=|accessdate=2008-01-17 }} "Faith healing can cause patients to shun effective medical care." </ref><ref name='SI_harm'>{{cite news | first=Bruce | last=Flamm | coauthors= | title=The Columbia University 'Miracle' Study: Flawed and Fraud | date=2004-09 | publisher=Committee for Skeptical Inquiry | url =http://csicop.org/si/2004-09/miracle-study.html | work =Skeptical Inquirer | pages = | accessdate = 2008-01-17 | language = }} "It is often claimed Christian Scientists report that faith healing may not work but at least does no harm. In fact, reliance on faith healing can cause serious harm and even death." </ref><ref name="Randi_268">{{cite book| last = Randi | first = James | authorlink = James Randi | year = 1989 | title = [[The Faith Healers]] | publisher = Prometheus Books | isbn = 0-87975-535-0 page 141}} "Faith-healers take from their subjects any hope of managing on their own. And they may very well take them away from legitimate treatments that could really help them." </ref> This is evident methods actually result in both higher mortality rates for children<ref name='Pediatrics child mortality'>{{cite journal|title=Child Fatalities From Religion-motivated Medical Neglect|journal=Pediatrics|date=1998-04|first=Seth M.|last=Asser|coauthors=Rita Swan|volume=101|issue=4|pages=625–629|pmid=9521945 |url=http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/content/abstract/101/4/625|format=|accessdate=2007-11-19|doi=10.1542/peds.101.4.625 }}</ref> and in reduced life expectancy for adults.<ref name='JAMA longevity'> {{cite journal|title=Comparative longevity in a college cohort of Christian Scientists|journal=Journal of the American Medical Association|date=1989-09-22|first=W. F.|last=Simpson|coauthors=|volume=262|issue=12|pages=1657–1658|pmid=2769921 |url=http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/262/12/1657|format=|accessdate=2007-11-19|doi=10.1001/jama.262.12.1657 }}</ref> Critics have also made note of serious injury that has resulted from falsely labelled "healings"positive results on average, where patients erroneously consider themselves cured and cease or withdraw from treatment.<ref name="quackwatch" /><ref name="Randi_298">{{cite book| last = Randi | first = James | authorlink = James Randi | year = 1989 | title = [[The Faith Healers]] | publisher = Prometheus Books | isbn = 0-87975-535-0 page 141}} "These [discarded medications] although there are substances without which those people might well die." </ref> It is the stated position of the AMA no formal studies that "prayer as therapy should not delay access to traditional medical care."<ref name="autogenerated1" /> ===Christian theological criticism of faith healing===Christian theological criticism of faith healing broadly falls into two distinct levels of disagreement. The first is widely termed the "open-but-cautious" view of the miraculous in the church today. This term is deliberately used by [[Robert L. Saucy]] in the book Are Miraculous Gifts for Today?,<ref name="grudem et al">''Are Miraculous Gifts for Today?'' ed. [[Wayne Grudem]], 1996. ISBN 0310201551</ref> [[Don Carson]] is another example of a Christian teacher who has put forward what has have been described as an "open-but-cautious" view<ref>[http://www.monergism.com/thethreshold/articles/bio/dacarson.html D.A. Carson<!-- Bot generated title -->]</ref>. In dealing with the claims of [[Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield|Warfield]], particularly "Warfield's insistence done that miracles ceased."<ref name="carson">{{cite book | last = Carson | first = Don | authorlink = Don Carson | title = Showing the Spirit: A Theological Exposition of 1 Corinthians 12-14 | publisher = Baker Book House | year = 1987 | location = Grand Rapids, Michigan 49516 | pages = 156 | isbn = 0-8010-2521-4}}</ref> Carson asserts "But this argument stands up only if such miraculous gifts are theologically tied exclusively to a role of attestation; and that is demonstrably not so."<ref name="carson" /> However, while affirming that he does not expect healing to happen today, Carson is critical of aspects of the faith healing movement, "Another issue is that of immense abuses in healing practises.... The most common form of abuse is the view that since all illness is directly or indirectly attributable to the devil and his works, and since Christ by his cross has defeated the devil, and by his Spirit has given us the power to overcome him, healing is the inheritance right of all true Christians who call upon the Lord with genuine faith."<ref name="carson">{{cite book | last = Carson | first = Don | authorlink = Don Carson | title = Showing the Spirit: A Theological Exposition of 1 Corinthians 12-14 | publisher = Baker Book House | year = 1987 | location = Grand Rapids, Michigan 49516 | pages = 174–175 | isbn = 0-8010-2521-4}}</ref> The second level of theological disagreement with Christian faith healing goes further. Commonly referred to as [[cessationism]], its adherents either claim that faith healing will not happen today at all, or may happen today, but it would be unusual. [[Richard Gaffin]] argues for a form of cessationism in an essay alongside Saucy's in acceptable within the book Are Miraculous Gifts for Today? In his book Perspectives on Pentecost<ref name="gaffin">''Perspectives on Pentecost: New Testament Teaching on the Gifts of the Holy Spirit'' by [[Richard Gaffin]], 1979scientific community. ISBN 0-87552-269-6</ref> Gaffin states of healing and related gifts that "the conclusion to be drawn is that as listed in 1 Corinthians 12(vv. 9f., 29f.) and encountered throughout the narrative in Acts, these gifts, particularly when exercised regularly by a given individual, are part of the foundational structure of the church... and so have passed out of the life of the church."<ref name="gaffin">{{cite book | last = Gaffin | first = Richard | authorlink = Richard Gaffin | title = Perspectives on Pentecost: New Testament Teaching on the Gifts of the Holy Spirit | publisher = Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company | year = 1979 | location = Phillipsburg, New Jersey | pages = 113–114 | isbn = 0-87552-269-6}}</ref> Gaffin qualifies this, however, by saying "At the same time, however, the sovereign will and power of God today to heal the sick, particularly in response to prayer (see e.g. James 5:14,15), ought to be acknowledged and insisted on."<ref name="gaffin">{{cite book | last = Gaffin | first = Richard | authorlink = Richard Gaffin | title = Perspectives on Pentecost: New Testament Teaching on the Gifts of the Holy Spirit | publisher = Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company | year = 1979 | location = Phillipsburg, New Jersey | pages = 114 | isbn = 0-87552-269-6}}</ref> ===Fraud and faith healing===Skeptics of faith healers point to fraudulent practices either in the healings themselves (such as plants in the audience with fake illnesses), or concurrent with the healing work supposedly taking place and claim that faith healing is a [[quackery|quack]] practice in which the "healers" use well known non-supernatural illusions to exploit credulous people in order to obtain their gratitude, confidence and money.<ref name="Randi" /> One book, [[The Faith Healers]], investigated Christian evangelists such as [[Peter Popoff]], who claimed to heal sick people and to give personal details about their lives, but was receiving radio transmissions from his wife, Elizabeth, who was off-stage reading information which she and her aides had gathered from earlier conversations with members of the audience.<ref name="Randi" /> The book also questioned how faith healers use funds that were sent to them for specific purposes.<ref name="Randi_299">{{cite book| last = Randi | first = James | authorlink = James Randi | year = 1989 | title = [[The Faith Healers]] | publisher = Prometheus Books | isbn = 0-87975-535-0 page 141}} "[Some] faith-healers have been less than careful in their use of funds sent to them for specific purposes." </ref> Physicist [[Robert L. Park]]<ref name="Park"/> and doctor and consumer advocate [[Stephen Barrett]]<ref name='quackwatch'> {{cite web|url=http://www.quackwatch.org/01QuackeryRelatedTopics/faith.html |title=Some Thoughts About Faith Healing |accessdate=2008-01-17 |last=Barrett |first=Stephen |date=2003-03-03 |publisher=Quackwatch }}</ref> have called into question the ethicality of some exorbitant fees. ===Related deaths==={{seealso|Followers of Christ (Oregon church)|Fernando Suarez|Christian Science}} Faith healing and religious groups that do not believe in modern medicine have been criticized for the adverse health consequences when believers delay seeking, or never receive, necessary medical care. ==See also==*[[Shamanism]]*[[Sangoma]]*[[Nganga]]*[[T.B. Joshua]]*[[Pseudoscience]]
Occasionally religious practitioners will take it upon themselves to set their own standards and forego medical care while relying on prayer. This is frowned upon by most organized religious institutions. In at least one case this has led to criminal charges when a couple who had not gone to church in years chose this path. Their child died and it was determined that the death could have been prevented by modern medicine.<ref>''[http://wausaudailyherald.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080428/WDH0101/80428118/1981 Update: DA: Parents were aware girl could die]''. Wausau Daily Herald. April 28, 2008 </ref>
==Faith healing and the Bible==
Believers in faith healing believe that the following [[Bible]] passages support it:
{{Bible quote|And Asa in the thirty and ninth year of his reign was diseased in his feet, until his disease [was] exceeding [great]: yet in his disease he sought not to the LORD, but to the physicians. And Asa slept with his fathers, and died in the one and fortieth year of his reign.|book=2Chronicles|chap=16|verses=12-13|version=KJV}}
{{Bible quote|Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church; and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord: And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven him. Confess [your] faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.|book=James|chap=5|verses=14-16|version=KJV}}
==References==
{{reflist|2}} == Bibliography == * Dr. Matthias Kamp, M.D.: ''Bruno Groening - A Revolution in Medicine. A medical documentation on spiritual healing.'' Grete Haeusler Publishing, 1998, ([http:<references //www.bruno-groening.org/english/mwf/buchauszug/defaultb-auszug.htm Chapters 1 - 4])* Louis C. Henderson: ''The Gift of Healing is Yours.'' Glenmore Press, 1956.* ''The Doctor in the Face of Miracles'' (''Il medico di fronte ai miracoli'') is a book written by the Italian Doctors Association that documents the miraculous cures associated with Our Lady of Lourdes. *[[James Randi]], ''[[The Faith Healers]]'' (Containing exposes of Christian Evangelical faith healers [[Peter Popoff]], [[Pat Robertson]], and [[Oral Roberts]].)*''Lourdes: A History of its Apparitions and Cures'' is a 1908 book by Georges Bertrin (author) and Mrs. Philip Gibbs (English language translator) that documents early Lourdes cures, including some made after 1905, when Pope Pius X asked that all cases of alleged miracles or cures recorded in Lourdes be scientifically analyzed. [[Category:Faith healers| ]][[Category:Supernatural healing]][[Category:New Thought movement]][[Category:Spiritualism]][[Category:Charismatic and Pentecostal Christianity]]>
[[daCategory:Healing]][[de:Geistheilung]][[es:Curación a través de la fe]][[nl:Gebedsgenezing]][[ja:スピリチュアルヒーリング]][[pt:Cura pela fé]][[fi:Henkiparannus]][[sv:Healing]][[tr:Spiritual HealingReligion]]
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