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Group (mathematics)

89 bytes added, 23:01, 24 November 2009
# the [[Klein four group]] consists of the set of formal symbols <math>\{1, i, j, k \} </math> with the relations <math> i^{2} =j^{2}=k^{2}=1, \; ij=k, \; jk=i, \; ki=j. </math> All elements of the Klein four group (except the identity 1) have [[order]] 2. The Klein four group is [[isomorphism|isomorphic]] to <math>\mathbb{Z}_{2} \times \mathbb{Z}_{2}</math> under mod addition.
# the set of "moves" on a Rubik's cube, where a move is understood to be a finite sequence of twists: here, the identity move is to do nothing, while the inverse of a move is to do the move in reverse, thereby undoing it.
# The [[Symmetric group]]
# The [[General Linear Group]]s and [[Special Linear Group]]s.
Groups are the appropriate mathematical structures for any application involving [[symmetry]].