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Tewkesbury (Derivation: OE; Teodec’s fortified place, although there may be an association with a missionary monk, Theocus who possibly built a church there in the 7th century) is a market town on the River Avon in Gloucestershire, England. It has the rare distinction of having an abbey saved from Henry VIII’s wreckers during the Dissolution of the Monasteries when the local citizens bought it. It also managed to escape the Industrial Revolution, so is notable for the survival of many of its ancient inns and other buildings. Dickens' Pickwick Club dined in one of them in 1836/7.

It was the mustard capital of England during the 16th and 17th centuries.

The Battle of Tewksbury (4 May 1471) ended any chance that Margaret of Anjou would reverse the fortunes of the Lancastrian cause in the Wars of the Roses when she was captured, her son, the Prince of Wales, killed and her forces soundly defeated. It secured the throne for Edward IV and sealed the fate of Henry VI who was killed in the Tower of London less than three weeks later.