A tort is a civil wrong for which the law provides a remedy. The law of torts is generally separated into negligence and intentional torts. Under the common law "duty/breach" analysis, negligence is an act or omission that breaches a duty and causes harm. Generally, people have the duty to act as "reasonably prudent persons" and if a person does not act as a reasonably prudent person and an injury results, the person may be liable in tort.
Intentional torts include:
Torts Against the Person - Battery - Assault - False imprisonment - Intentional infliction of emotional distress
Torts Against Property - Trespass to land - Trespass to chattels - Conversion - Intentional interference with a contractual relationship
Torts Against Economic and Dignitary Interests - Defamation - Slander - Libel - Invasion of privacy
The word tort comes from the Latin tortum, which means bent or twisted.