World History Homework Five Answers - Student 6

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3. Who was "Charles the Hammer," and why was he important? Charles Martel was the great ruler of the Franks from 719 to 741. Perhaps Voltaire, Michelangelo, Mozart and many great influences on Western Culture did not have as great a legacy as Martel. Martel, with his army of Franks, defeated the Muslims at Tours, single-handedly opening the door to western culture, and closing to the West's "Submission to Allah".

Superb analysis.

5. How many "pillars" of Islam are there? Pick two of them and discuss them briefly. There are five pillars of Islam, each binding the Muslim to his faith with a greater investment of his time thus giving his faith a greater control over him. The first pillar, Submission, gives the Muslim a preliminary belief that a good Muslim should submit and be controlled by Allah and the Qu'ran. This teaches the Muslim submission and control, rather than Christian love. The second specifies when and how prayer should occur, again stressing a "controlled" prayer that does not create a true connection to Allah, but rather is a sign of one's submission to Allah.

Excellent. I would also add the importance of Christian faith, the significance of which is not emphasized in other religions.

7. Discuss feudalism and religion in Japan. Japan's Shinto religions and its feudalism mirrors Northern Africa's Islam and Europe's feudalism. Shinto is extremely similar to Islam; similarities include having created instability - Shinto in World War II and Islam in its acts of terror. Both have forms of prayer directed towards a specific object; in Shinto to the Kami and Islam towards Mecca. With these two religions being so similar you would expect Japan to have a similar civil system to Sharia law. But in fact, nothing could be farther from the truth. In fact, Japan's system modeled Europe's feudalism, farmers working under more important "Daimyos".

This could be a model answer! The compare/contrast between Shinto and Islam is enlightening.

8. Write an essay about any aspect of the lecture. I chose to write about the important role that the Catholic Church had in medieval times. In medieval times the Church was just as much a civic authority as a spiritual guide. Churches would harbor escaped prisoners and authorities were not allowed to touch them while they took sanctuary. The Church initiated the call for the Crusades, and monasteries played a great role in transcribing manuscripts and keeping western culture alive. Without the Church, we could not have had the medieval period.

Very good.

9. What was the Carolingian Court? The Carolingian court was Charles Martel's through Charlemagne's reign as king of the Franks. Charlemagne was able to initiate public education, one of Europe's greatest achievements. Along with his belief in education came a devotion to spreading his faith throughout Europe. Charlemagne's spreading of faith and education brought about what is now known as the Carolingian renaissance, the first true flowering of European culture since the fall of Rome.

Terrific answer again.

10. Add 3 terms to the Study Guide (or 5 terms to earn credit for two questions). I added Sanctuary, Pepin, and Daimyos.

Your description of the medieval "sanctuary" was particularly good.


One of the best homeworks in the entire class for this course. Very well done. Grade: 60/60.--Andy Schlafly 22:02, 15 October 2011 (EDT)