Assumption of Mary
The Assumption of Mary is the dogma in the Catholic Church that Mary was "assumed" or taken up into Heaven both soul and body. Thus, in Catholic belief, Jesus rose bodily into Heaven, whereas Mary was taken, bodily, to Heaven by God. The first is therefore termed an "Ascension" and the second an "Assumption."
The Old Testament figures Enoch and Elijah were taken up into Heaven as well.
In 1950, Pope Pius XII formally declared the Assumption of Mary to be dogma. Though only declared a dogma in modern times, the belief has existed in the Catholic Church for hundreds of years. The Assumption of Mary is celebrated as the Feast of the Assumption on August 15.
The Assumption of Mary is also a teaching in the Eastern Orthodox Church (Called the "Dormition" in that Church) and several other churches, but it is not part of those denominations' dogma.