Armistice Day

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Armistice Day was November 11, 1918. It was the day that World War I combat was ended with the signing of an armistice, at eleven AM (during the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month of the year nineteen eighteen). The war officially ended on June 28, 1919, with the Treaty of Versailles.[1] The armistice was signed by the Allies and the Central Powers in France. The Germans were laid with the heavy burden of repaying the Allies (mostly Britain and France). They had to pay them a reparation of 30 million dollars in an appointed amount of time. Germany was required to regulate army size. Reparation payments and resentment, along with economic instability caused by the United States stock market crash in 1929, among other things, allowed political instability that led to the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, thus laying the seeds for World War II.

In the United States, the day is known as Veterans Day.

UK and Commonwealth

The Cenotaph war memorial, Whitehall, London

In the Commonwealth, Remembrance Day is the annual commemoration of those who died during war, especially World War I and World War II (although those who died in more recent conflicts, such as Afghanistan and Iraq are also honored). Remembrance Day is observed on 11 November with 2 minutes silence being held at 11:00 am. The date is the anniversary of Armistice Day, which marked the cessation of hostilities in 1918 with the signing of the Germany's surrender to end The Great War, which was the former name of World War I prior to the second global conflict.

The main commemoration occurs at the Cenotaph in London, England, and is marked by the laying of wreaths of poppies by the military, political leaders and members of the British Royal Family. Both current and former members of the armed forces, as well as representatives of civil organizations march past the monument to pay their respect. In the two weeks before Remembrance Day, members of the public wear an artificial poppy as a symbol of their respect and gratitude to those who gave their lives for today's freedom.

The poppy was selected as a symbol of remembrance after The Great War as the former battlefields of Flanders sprouted became a sea of red owing to the disruption of the topsoil during the fighting. The red flowers were held to be symbolic of the blood spilled by the millions of dead.

References

External link

  • The Versailles Treaty of June 28, 1919 [1]