Balkan peninsula

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The Balkan Peninsula is the area of southern Europe bounded by the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea to the west, and the Black Sea and Aegean Sea to the east. It comprises Greece, the European portion of Turkey, Bulgaria, Romania, Albania, Macedonia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, Serbia, and Slovenia. It is named after the Balkan Mountains in Bulgaria. In the early 19th century the Balkan peninsula – or "the Balkans" for short – was largely part of the Ottoman Empire. The subsequent decline of that empire led to the breaking away of smaller independent states, giving rise to the term 'Balkanization'.

Further reading

  • Jelavich, Barbara. History of the Balkans. Vol. 1, Eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (1983) excerpt and text search
  • Jelavich, Barbara. History of the Balkans: vol 2: Twentieth century (1983) 476 pages excerpt and text search
  • Ramet, Sabrina Petra. Balkan Babel: Politics, Culture, and Religion in Yugoslavia. (1992). 230 pp.
  • Singleton, Fred. A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples. (1985). 309 pp.

See also