Body building is a form of training your body for maximum size of particular muscles (and groups). Emphasis is on both size and definition. People exercise to increase their strength and endurance, which is an excellent way to attain better health. Body building is very popular among men because muscle strength and size can be equated to masculinity. Although this is a debatable presupposition, it clearly takes discipline to spend serious time on the muscles in your body.
Types of Strength Training
The Bench Press is probably one of the most widely used exercises in body building, but body builders prefer to do multiple exercises to have a balanced development of all the muscles in the body.
Contests and famous Bodybuilders
Although contests are less useful for health and endurance reasons, men do compete in them. Arnold Schwarzenegger won several Mr. Universe titles and helped to give the sport notoriety.
Another notable Mr. Universe contestant (coming in 3rd) was future James Bond actor Sean Connery, entering the 1950 contest.
The most prestigious contest is the Mr. Olympia contest, held every year since 1965.
Since the late 1970s, female bodybuilding has been on the scene, with the Ms. Olympia contest being held since 1980. Some people dislike female bodybuilding, since to many, women bodybuilders look very masculine with their well-developed muscles and low body fat. However, there is still a strong base of fans who defend it, citing that the bodybuilder's physiques are very aesthetic.
Ever since the late 1990s, fitness and figure competitions for women have become popular, with slim, toned women demonstrating athletic and phsyical prowess. The Fitness Olympia and Figure Olympia are the best known of these.
Envious secular leftists disparaging bodybuilding
The Sports Journal is a monthly refereed journal published by the United States Sports Academy. A journal article appeared in the Sports Journal entitled Strength of Religious Faith of Athletes and Nonathletes at Two NCAA Division III Institutions. The article was submitted by Nathan T. Bell, Scott R. Johnson, and Jeffrey C. Petersen from Ball State University.
An excerpt from the abstract of the journal article Strength of Religious Faith of Athletes and Nonathletes at Two NCAA Division III Institutions declares:
| Numerous studies report athletes to be more religious than nonathletes (Fischer, 1997; Storch, Kolsky, Silvestri, & Storch, 2001; Storch et al., 2004). According to Storch, Kolsky, Silvestri, and Storch (2001), four reasons may explain why religion interacts with athletic performance. First, athletes may identify with religious beliefs for direction and humility. Second, athletes may turn to religion to gain a sense of optimism and security, benefiting from such beliefs following a disappointing athletic performance. Third, religion can be used for emotional and psychological support in stressful circumstances like the uncertainty of athletic competition, which can cause athletes an overwhelming amount of anxiety. Religious beliefs can offer the internal strength to persevere through the stress. Fourth, religion “provides a cognitive framework conducive to the relief of anxiety associated with competition” (Storch et al., 2001, p. 347). This framework allows relief from fear and anxiety on the basis of the athlete’s understanding (i.e., belief) that a supreme being is in complete control of the situation. For example, athletes may rely on religious faith to place a poor athletic performance in perspective...
Religion can be an important aspect in athletes’ lives and may serve a protective function against psychological distress and maladaptive behaviors such as substance use or aggression (Storch, Roberti, Bravata, & Storch, 2004). Viewers of sporting events can frequently observe athletes pointing to the sky, engaging in team prayer on the court or field, and glorifying God following athletic competitions.
- Physical Culture
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