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Bactrian camel.jpg
Bactrian camel
Camelus bactrianus
Scientific classification
Kingdom Information
Domain Eukaryota
Kingdom Animalia
Subkingdom Bilateria
Branch Deuterostomia
Phylum Information
Phylum Chordata
Sub-phylum Vertebrata
Infraphylum Gnathostomata
Class Information
Superclass Tetrapoda
Class Mammalia
Sub-class Theriiformes
Infra-class Holotheria
Order Information
Superorder Preptotheria
Order Artiodactyla
Sub-order Tylopoda
Family Information
Superfamily Cameloidea
Family Camelidae
Population statistics

Camelid refers to several species of the order Artiodactyla, suborder Tylopoda, and characterized from other species of that order by the presence of padded feet instead of true hooves. Representing the family Camelidae, living species are in two genera: Camelus, the camels of Asia and Africa; and Lama, the South American llama, alpaca, vicuña, and guanaco.


Camelids differ from other hoofed mammals of Artiodactyla in that the body load rests on sole pads, with the nail-end the only part of the hoof to actually contact the ground. The tensor skin, located between the thigh and body, and present on every other ungulate, is absent on camelids; the result is a long-legged, lanky appearance. In walking they use an ambling gait similar to bears, giraffes and elephants.

The neck is long and curved, the upper lip is cleft in the middle, in contrast to other Artiodactyla species.

Living species

  • Family Camelidae
Subfamily Camelinae
Tribe Camelini
Genus: Camelus
Arabian camel, Camelus dromedarius
Bactrian camel, Camelus bactrianus
Tribe Lamini
Genus: Lama
Guanaco, Lama guanicoe
Llama, Lama glama
Genus: Vicugna
Alpaca, Vicugna pacos
Vicuña, Vicugna vicugna

External links