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Consciousness is the quality or state of being aware.[1] To be conscious in the philosophical sense means to have mental processes that are self-directed [2] and which provide a locus of subjective experience.[3] Animals are alleged to possess a form of consciousness [4] although this is not necessarily to be equated with the Christian notion of having moral worth or an immortal soul.[5]

Atheism and the origin of consciousness

See also: Atheism and consciousness and Origin of human consciousness and Atheism and irrationality

The atheist worldview cannot explain the existence of consciousness, while the theistic worldview can satisfactorily offer a reasonable explanation (see: Atheism and consciousness).[6]

Consciousness in Buddhism

Consciousness or Vijnana in Sanskrit is the fifth of the Five aggregates in Buddhist philosophy of mind.

Consciousness in Jainism

Consciousness or Chetna in Sanskrit is attribute of soul (substance dualism) in Jain philosophy of mind.