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Cyber-terrorism is an assault on electronic communication networks. This can result in great economic loss, disrupted energy supply, and even large scale death. Because of countries reliance on computers today, cyber-terrorism has emerged as a huge threat which can cause more damage than traditional terrorism.[1]

Cyber-Attacks on Estonia

In May 2007, Russia was accused of conducting a three-week cyber-terrorism attack on the small Baltic country of Estonia. The terror attacks came as the two countries were embroiled in their worst dispute since the end of the Cold War. The dispute was over Estonia removing a statue to honor the oppressive, murderous Red Army in their capital Tallinn. In response to this, Russia began a campaign of cyber-attacks which disabled government websites; including military websites, newspapers, companies, banks and other parts of the Estonian cyber-infrastructure.[2] Although there has not been solid evidence, Estonian officials traced IP addresses to computers in Russian government offices, including one in President Vladimir Putin's office, and believe that some of the attacks may have been done through hijacked computers.[3] Evidence also suggests that the cyber-attacks may have also been carried out by ordinary people equipped with instructions from Russian websites.[4] The attacks on Estonia urged the country to call on organizations like NATO, and the EU, to develop responses to this new 21st century national security threat.[4]

Cyber-Attacks on The United States

In September 2014, a hoax was perpetrated claiming that there was an explosion at the Columbian Chemicals Plant in Centerville, Louisiana. This attack used a sophisticated blend of text messaging, YouTube videos, a Wikipedia page(which has since been re-branded as a hoax page), a Facebook page, and a barrage of twitter activity.[5]

This hoax also employed the tactic of using pro-Putin messaging, including some messages on conservative websites such as The Blaze.[5]

This cyber attack has been traced back to agents of the Russian government working for an agency called the Internet Research Agency.[5]

Russian hackers have also been linked to two other hoaxes around the same time. One hoax attempted to take advantage of the strife following the riots in Ferguson, Missouri. Another hoax attempted to spread fears of Ebola.[6] Many of the same Twitter accounts used to spread the Columbian Chemicals were used to post about an outbreak of Ebola in Atlanta.[5]

See also

External links


  1. Crime Research Accessed July 18, 2007
  2. Daily Telegraph Accessed July 18, 2007
  3. Cyberterrorism has become a reality Associated Content Accessed July 18, 2007
  4. 4.0 4.1 Daily Telegraph Accessed July 18, 2007
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Chen, Adrian (June 2, 2015). The Agency. The New York Times.
  6. Spink, John (June 3, 2015). Russian 'trolls' behind Ebola, shooting hoax in Atlanta: Report. Atlanta Journal Constitution.