Amalie Emmy Noether (1882–1935) was a German mathematician who contributed to abstract algebra and theoretical physics. Albert Einstein described her as the most important woman in the history of mathematics. She herself however wrote in 1915 that she was in a team performing difficult computations for Einstein, and that "none of us understands what they are good for". A direct consequence of Noether's first theorem are certain important laws of conservation derived from the symmetries.
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