Biblical Exegesis is the critical (thorough) interpretation of texts in the Bible. Interpreters of the Bible texts are biblical exegetes. The term is taken from the Greek word ἐξηγεῖσθαι exegeisthai, which means "to lead out." The primary reason for exegesis is to determine the meaning of the text, and this determination leads to discovering its significance or relevance. For conservative evangelicals, the meaning of the text is anchored in authorial intent. That is, the goal in exegetical analysis is to discover what the original author meant to the original audience in the time frame that it was written, the literal sense of scripture. After the meaning is determined, then principles are drawn from the meaning and applied to the present day and culture.
The process of exegesis includes key word studies, analysis of grammatical and syntactical features, examination of the history, background and origins of the text, and determination of literary genre. Biblical exegesis is best done using Greek and Hebrew texts, although it is certainly possible to a certain degree using translation as well. However, many modern English translations are believed to be marred by "progressive" bias or "corrupt" Greek/Hebrew texts (this view is espoused mainly within the King James only movement).
- Aramaic Judaism, Jewish Aramaic Christianity, and John 1:1
- Historical-critical method (Higher criticism)
- Historical-grammatical method (Literal hermeneutic)
- Revelation, Book of (historical exegesis)
- Literalist Bible chronology
- Harmony of the Gospel (Conservative Version)
- Hermeneutics - A Guide To Basic Bible Interpretation, By Darryl M. Erkel
- A type of Biblical exegesis called arcing