Five Solas

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The Five Solas are named from the Latin phrases defining the core principles developed by the Protestant Reformation as "the foundation of the true Christian religion" in fundamental opposition to the dogma and doctrines of the Catholic Church:

  • Sola scriptura "Scripture alone"
    The Bible alone is the only infallible source of divine revelation and the final authority in matters of faith and practice.
  • Sola fide "Faith alone"
    Our Christian faith is the sole basis for being judged righteous in the sight of God alone — Christ alone is the judge.
  • Sola gratia "Grace alone"
    Only God's unmerited free gift of his grace alone saves us from sin and final damnation in hell.
  • Solo Christo "Christ alone"
    Jesus Christ, the only Son of God, is the one mediator alone between God and man whose death and resurrection alone is the source of salvation.
  • Soli Deo gloria "to the glory of God alone"
    God alone is the only being worthy of all worship, glory, service and honor — all else is idolatry. (See deification.)

see also

  • Sola spiritu "Spirit alone"
    The Christian is guided in understanding the Bible and all throughout life until death by the indwelling infallible divine inspiration of the Holy Spirit alone.