Last modified on July 22, 2016, at 15:39

Jose Clemente Orozco

Mural de Hidalgo

José Clemente Orozco (Ciudad Guzmán 1883 - Mexico City 1949) was a Mexican Social Realist Muralist painter. Along with David Alfaro Siqueiros and Diego Rivera, Orozco was one of the most important artists in the Mexican mural movement. [1]

Between 1936 and 1939, Orozco painted the celebrated frescos: "The People and Its Leaders" and "Miguel Hidalgo". His best frescos are at the Guadalajara's Hospicio Cabañas, showing a historical panorama of Mexico. In 1948, he painted a huge portrait, "Juárez Reborn". Throughout his career, Orozco combined painting with drawing and lithography. With his political views, he was a superb cartoonist. As Rivera and Siqueiros, politically he was a leftist.

Social Realism painting is focused on social issues.

Artistically we admired Orozco's ability to invest his figures with tremendous emotion and anatomical volume by means of his non-academic treatment of the human figure. [2]
Juárez, La reforma y la caída del Imperio. 1934.

Hernán Cortés seen by José Clemente Orozco

See also

Mural at Baker Library, Dartmouth College.

External links


  1. The Metropolitan Museum of Art
  2. Orozco and Anglo-America by Sol Levenson