Last modified on November 2, 2019, at 05:21


Lilith is a demon or succubus in Jewish mythology. According to a late forgery alleged to have been written by Ben Sira, Lilith is the first wife of Adam (before Eve). She leaves Eden in a metaphorical version of divorce. She argued that as she and Adam were both made from the earth, they should be equal. After she leaves Eden, she is transformed into a succubus and cursed by God to never find love because her kisses suck the life out of mortal men.[1]

According to Isaiah: "And wild animals shall meet with hyenas; the wild goat shall cry to his fellow; indeed, there the night bird settles and finds for herself a resting place.[2] "Night bird" in this passage can also be translated as "Lilith."[3]

The character of Lilith represents an attempt to reconcile the creation story of Genesis 1:1-2:3 with that given in Genesis 2:4-25. In the first story, man and woman are created together: "male and female he created them."[4] In the second story, God uses Adam's rib to create Eve.[5]


  2. Isaiah 34:14 (ESV).
  3. Gaines, Janet Howe, "Lilith: Seductress, heroine or murderer?", Bible History Daily, Biblical Archaeology Society.
  4. Genesis 1:27. (ESV).
  5. Genesis 2:22.

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