Max Ernst (born 1891 in Brühl, near Cologne - Paris, 1976) was a German painter. In 1922, Max Ernst, following an invitation of his Dadaist friends, Gala and Paul Eluard, Tristan Tzara, André Breton (First Surrealist Manifesto, 1924), and others, moved to Paris.
In the late 1920s Ernst turned to the beloved motifs of German Romanticism and revived them in a new, Surrealistic, manner: dark forests, mysterious caves, gloomy cliffs, dead moonlight, figures and faces which appear like ghosts from interlacing branches and twigs; appearing artworks like Fishbone Forest, 1927, Hunter 1926, Vision Induced by the Nocturnal Aspect of the Porte St. Denis. 1927, Bird in a Forest, The Horde, 1927. 
Between 1941 and 1952 Ernst lived in America; in New York, where together with other European emigrant painters, he not only worked but also shared his knowledge and experience with younger American colleagues, thus leaving a lasting and profound influence on the development of American modern art.