Romanticism was an innovative artistic, musical, and literary movement in the early 1800s which emphasized feelings, and nature. The Romantic period of art was also a period of rebirth for religious values. Romanticism opposed elements of the Enlightenment that emphasized rationalism at the expense of human emotion and imagination. In writing, Romanticism elevated the common man, nationalism, freedom, and the supernatural, while also glorifying nature. In music, the Russian composer Tchaikovsky epitomized this movement.
The term "Romanticism" was coined because it originated in European regions of the "Romance Languages," namely French, Spanish and Italian. Novelist Victor Hugo led this movement in Europe with his works readable by the common man. German and British Romanticism followed soon after. Other countries such as America and Canada also had Romantic art movements.
American literature typifying this era include Herman Melville's Moby Dick, Edgar Allan Poe's writings, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Henry David Thoreau, and Walt Whitman. Even inventors including Samuel Morse, who originated the Morse code, were inspired by Romanticism.
Eugene Delacroix (1798-1863) was perhaps the most important of the French Romantic painters; in English literature, the Lyrical Ballads (1798), poems co-authored by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge was an early example of this movement.
Chassériau, Othello and Desdemona in Venice.