Missouri Plan

From Conservapedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Missouri Plan (or Missouri Nonpartisan Court Plan or "merit plan") is used in 12 states for appointing state court judges based on the recommendation of an independent, often liberal, commission. Upon a Missouri Supreme Court vacancy, the commission sends three names to the governor, giving him sixty days to select one or the commission will fill the vacancy. At the next general election, the judge stands for a "retention election" and can be removed only by a majority vote. This plan was adopted in November 1940 after charges of undue influence in judicial elections being exerted by the Tom Pendergast political machine. In Kansas City and St. Louis, even lower court judicial vacancies must be filled by this method.

The Missouri Plan is used by:

  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Missouri
  • Nebraska
  • Oklahoma
  • Utah
  • Wyoming

Tennessee uses the "Tennessee Plan," which is a modified version of the Missouri Plan. Florida uses a more complex and substantially modified version of the Missouri Plan.

External links[edit]