Philip Pendleton Barbour

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Philip Pendleton Barbour (1783 - 1841) was the brother of James Barbour and cousin of John Strode Barbour and a Representative from Virginia; born at “Frascati,” near Gordonsville, Orange County, Va., May 25, 1783

  • Attended common and private schools
  • Graduated from the college of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Va., in 1799
  • Studied law
  • Was admitted to the bar in 1800 and commenced practice in Bardstown, Ky.
  • Returned to Virginia in 1801 and practiced law in Gordonsville, Orange County
  • Member of the State house of delegates 1812-1814
  • Elected as a Republican to the Thirteenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John Dawson
  • Reelected as a Republican to the Fourteenth through the Seventeenth Congresses
  • Reelected as a Crawford Republican to the Eighteenth Congress and served from September 19, 1814, to March 3, 1825
  • Speaker of the House of Representatives (Seventeenth Congress)
  • Not a candidate for renomination in 1824
  • Offered the professorship of law in the University of Virginia in 1825, but declined
  • Appointed a judge of the general court of Virginia and served for two years, resigning in 1827
  • Elected as a Jacksonian to the Twentieth and Twenty-first Congresses and served from March 4, 1827, until his resignation on October 15, 1830
  • Chairman, Committee on the Judiciary (Twentieth Congress)
  • President of the Virginia constitutional convention in 1829
  • Appointed by President Jackson, June 1, 1830, judge of the United States Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, declining the chancellorship and the post of attorney general
  • Refused nominations for judge of the court of appeals, for Governor, and for United States Senator
  • Appointed Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court and served from March 15, 1836, until his death in Washington, D.C., February 25, 1841
  • Interment in Congressional Cemetery