Pope Linus

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Pope Linus
Papacy Began: 67
Papacy Ended:
23 September 76

Saint Peter Successor:
Saint Anacletus

Linus (Saint and martyr) was elected the Bishop of Rome by the surviving apostles of the Lord Jesus Christ, according to Eusebius. He is regarded by the Roman Catholic Church as the second Pope, following Saint Peter, or as the first pope in Rome after the death of the apostle. He is mentioned in the Pauline Epistle to Timothy. He was born in Volterra to pagan parents and became converted to Christ in adulthood, possibly by Saint Peter himself. He was elected bishop of Rome likely between 67 and 79. Some sources say he was elected in 67 almost immediately after the martyrdom of Saint Peter by the apostles assembled for that purpose and died on the 23rd of September A.D. 76. He created the first fifteen bishops. He forbade women to enter a church with uncovered heads. During his pontificate, the Evangelists Saint Luke and Saint Mark were martyred. He is said to be buried near Saint Peter. Eusebius:
Chapter II The First that Presided over the Church at Rome

AFTER the martyrdom of Paul and Peter, Linus was the first that received the episcopate at Rome. Paul makes mention of him in his epistle from Rome to Timothy, in the address at the close of the epistle, saying “Eubulus and Pudens, and Linus, and Claudia, salute thee.” [2 Tim 4:21]

Chapter IV The First Successors of the Apostles
THAT Paul preached to the Gentiles, and established churches from Jerusalem and around as far as Illyricum, is evident both from his won expressions, and from the testimony of Luke in the book of Acts. And in what provinces Peter also proclaimed the doctrine of Christ, the doctrine of the New Covenant, appears from his own writings, and may be seen from that epistle we have mentioned as admitted in the canon, and which he addressed to the Hebrews in the dispersion throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia. But hhow many and which of these, actuated by a genuine zeal, were judged suitable to feed the churches established by these apostles, it is not easy to say, any further than may be gathered from the writings of Paul. For he, indeed, had innumerable fellow labourers, or as he himself calls them, fellow soldiers in the church. Of these, the greater part are epistles, where he gives a lasting testimony concerning them. Luke also, in his Acts, speaking of his friends, mentions them by name. Timothy, indeed, is recorded as having first received the episcopate at Ephesus, (εν Epheso παροικιας,) as Titus also, was appointed over the churches in Crete. But Luke, who was born at Antioch, and by profession a physician, being for the most part connected with Paul, and familiarly acquainted with the rest of the apostles, has left us two inspired books, the institutes of that spiritual healing art which he obtained from them. One of these is his Gospel, in which he testifies that he has recorded, “as those who were from the beginning eye-witnesses, and ministers of the word,” delivered to him, who also, he says, he has in all things followed. The other is his Acts of the Apostles, which he composed, not from what he had heard from others, but from what he had seen himself. It is also said, that Paul usually referred to his Gospel, whenever in his epistles he spoke of some particular gospel of his own, saying, “according to my gospel.” But of the rest that accompanied Paul, Crescens is mentioned by him as sent to Gaul (Gallia).1 [1] Linus, whom he has mentioned in his Second Epistle to Timothy as his companion at Rome, has been before shown to have been the first after Peter, that obtained the episcopate at Rome. Clement also, who was appointed the third bishop of this church, is proved by him to have been a fellow labourer and fellow soldier with him. Beside, the Areopagite, called Dionysius, whom Luke has recorded in his Acts, after Paul's address to the Athenians, in the Areopagus,2 [2] as the first that believed, is mentioned by Dionysius, another of the ancients, and pastor of the church at Corinth, as the first bishop of the church at Athens. But the manner and times of the apostolic succession shall be mentioned by us as we proceed inour course. Now let us pursue the order of our history

quotations verbatim of Book III, Chapter II The First that Presided over the Church at Rome (p. 71), and Chapter IV The First Successors of the Apostles (pp. 73-74), The Ecclesiastical History Of Eusebius Pamphilus: Bishop Of Caesarea, In Palestine, Translated from the Greek, by The Rev. C. F. Crusé, Assistant Professor in the University of Pennsylvania. With notes from the Edition of Valesius. Published London: George Bell and Sons, York Street. Covent Garden 1874. London: Printed by William Clowes and Sons, Stamford Street and Charing Cross. —In the public domain (boldface highlight added).

See also


  1. Crusé: Valesius footnote 1 Book III, Chapter IV (p. 74)—
    " 1 These words of St. Paul occur 2 Tim. iv. 10, where we now read, Crsecens to Galatia. But the ancients, among whom Eusebius, seem to have read Gallia. So Epiphanius, in Hæres, Alogor. and Hieronymus in Catalog., and Sophronius and others. But the other reading is the truest, which Clemens confirms in his Constitut. Apost. Theodoret reads Galatia, but says that thereby is meant Gallia. Vales. "
  2. Crusé: Valesius footnote 2 Book III, Chapter IV (p. 74)—
    " 2 Areopagus was the senate or standing court of judicature in Athens, by whose laws and orders any new gods were received among them ; and therefore as soon as they perceived that Paul was a promulger of strange deities, they bring him to the Areopagus to have him examined what gods they were that he thus preached. Two judicatures they had at Athens ; one every year changed, made up 500 chosen men, of whom the republic sconsisted ' the other perpetual, which judged of murders and the like capital offences ; and this was in Areopago ; of which and the customs thereof, see Budæus on the Dandects. Why it was called Areopagus, see St. Aug. de Civit. Dei, I. xviii. c. 18. The judges which sat in this court were called Areopagitæ, who were looked upon with such reverence, that an Areopagite signified proverbially “ an excellent person.” Gell. I. xii. c. 7. Dionysius was one of these Areopagites. "

External links

Pope St. Linus - Catholic Encyclopedia (newadvent.org)

Catholic Encyclopedia (1913)/Pope St. Linus (wikisource.org)

Pope Linus - New World Encyclopedia (newworldencyclopedia.org)

Saint Linus | Pope - Britannica (britannica.com)