Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine

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The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) is a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization and one of the main groups of the Palestine Liberation Organization. It is designated as a terrorist organization by the United States and the European Union.[1] On its website the organization openly celebrates Hezbollah and calls for Gaza Strip to be turned into an Israeli "graveyard." It also declares that it won't respect any PLO agreements with Israel.[2]

History

The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine was established in 1967 by George Habash. It was originally backed by Egyptian dictator Gamal Abdel Nasser. The PFLP perpetrated hijackings of airplanes and other terrorist attacks on civilians from its beginnings.[3] Throughout its history some factions splitted from the organization such as the PFLP-General Command. Habash retired from his post and was succeeded by Abū ʿAlī Muṣṭafā, who was killed by Israeli forces in 2001.[4]

In February 2010 a joint meeting with members of Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad was held in the offices of the PFLP in order to fight Israel as a unified force.[1]

Terrorist attacks

In 1976, the PFLP along with the German terrorist Revolutionary Cells hijacked an Air France flight to Entebbe, Uganda, where they singled out the Jewish passengers in a plot to murder them.[5]

On February 16, 2002 it perpetrated a suicide bombing attack in a village in the West Bank which killed three Israeli civilians and wounded 25 more. On December 25, 2003 three Israeli civilians were murdered because of a suicide attack at a bus station in Tel Aviv.[3]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Kaufman, Joe (February 23, 2010). THE “PEACE PARTNERS” WHO NEVER WERE. FrontpageMag. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  2. Americans Against Hate
  3. 3.0 3.1 Palestinian Terror Groups: Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP). Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  4. Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
  5. Stephen E. Atkins, Encyclopedia of modern worldwide extremists and extremist groups (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2004) ISBN 0313324859, p. 277