|Area (sq mi)||134.6 sq mi|
|Current mayor||Zinaida Neyarokhina|
Rostov-on-Don (Russian:Росто́в-на-Дону́) is the capital city of the Rostov Oblast, it is also an important port city from the Black Sea and has a population of 1,109,800 inhabitants as of 2014 Census.
It was first settled in 1761 as a Russian fortress, and lies on the Don River, 32 kilometers from the Black Sea.
Rostov-on-Don was one of the battlefields during the Russian Civil War between the Whites and the communist Red Army.
In World War II the city was occupied by the Nazis on November 21, 1941 and leads to the Battle of Rostov which was resulted in the Soviet victory.