Sanctity of life
In respect to theology and ethics the sanctity of life refers to life being sacred or holy, and is an important Christian value. In addition to condemning the act of murder, sanctity of life rules against all suicide, abortions and so-called "mercy killings" (otherwise known as assisted suicide), which deny this inviolable property of life. Sanctity of life is considered a part of the "culture of life", espoused by many Christians including Pope John Paul II and President George W. Bush. Catholics and some other Christians believe that capital punishment also should be condemned because of the sanctity of life. Conversely, in their support for suicide, abortion, euthanasia and assisted suicide and their leniency toward murder, liberals show that they have no regard for the sanctity of life.
In regards to Christian and Jewish theology, a biblical basis of the sanctity of life often appeals to the following biblical passages:
"God created man in His own image, in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them." (Genesis 1:27) (NASB)
"For You formed my inward parts; You wove me in my mother's womb. I will give thanks to You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; Wonderful are Your works, And my soul knows it very well. My frame was not hidden from You, When I was made in secret, And skillfully wrought in the depths of the earth; Your eyes have seen my unformed substance; And in Your book were all written the days that were ordained for me, When as yet there was not one of them." (Psalm 139:13-16) (NASB)
There are many additional endorsements of the sanctity of life in the Bible.
- Abortion controversy
- Capital punishment
- Terri Schiavo
- Anti Abortion activism: a personal essay