A social experiment is a research project conducted with human subjects in the real world. It typically investigates the effects of a policy intervention by randomly assigning individuals, families, businesses, classrooms, or other units to different treatments or to a controlled condition that represents the status quo. Social experimentation has raised many ethical concerns, due to its manipulation of large groups of the population, often without consent.
- Thomas D. Cook and Donald T. campbell (1979): Quasi-experimentation: Design and Analysis Issues for Field Settings. Houghton Mifflin, ISBN 978-0-39-530790-8
- Humphreys, Macartan (2015-06-01). "Reflections on the Ethics of Social Experimentation" (in en). Journal of Globalization and Development 6 (1). doi:10.1515/jgd-2014-0016. ISSN 1948-1837. https://doi.org/10.1515/jgd-2014-0016.