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[[File:Caspar David Friedrich The wanderer above the sea of fog 1818.jpg|right|thumb|300px|Caspar David Friedrich, ''The wanderer above the sea of fog'' (1818)]]
'''Romanticism''' was an innovative artistic, musical and literary movement in the 1800s which emphasized expressed thoughts, feelings, and nature. The Romantic period of art was also a period of rebirth for [[religion]]. Romanticism was a [[conservative]] backlash against [[atheist]]ic elements of the [[Enlightenment]]. [[America]]n literature typifying this era include ''[[Moby Dick]]'' and [[Edgar Allan Poe]]'s writings, while writer [[Victor Hugo]] led this movement in [[Europe]] with his works readable by its biased view of intelligence at the common manexpense of fundamental human emotion and imagination.
[[America]]n literature typifying this era include [[Herman Melville]]'s ''[[Moby Dick]]'', [[Edgar Allan Poe]]'s writings, and the additional American writers [[Ralph Waldo Emerson]], [[Nathaniel Hawthorne]], [[Henry David Thoreau]], and [[Walt Whitman]]; writer [[Victor Hugo]] led this movement in [[Europe]] with his works readable by the common man. English poets in this movement included [[William Wordsworth]], [[John Keats]], and [[Samuel Taylor Coleridge]]. The term "Romanticism" was coined because it originated in European regions of the "Romance Languages," namely French, Spanish and Italian. German and British Romanticism followed soon after. Other countries such as [[America]] and [[Canada]] also had Romantic art movements. Romanticism is contrasted with was a rebellion against [[Neoclassical|Neo-Classicism]], a movement that preceded itin the late 1600s and 1700s, and which obsessed with intellect while ignoring freedom and imagination.
In writing, Romanticism elevated the common man, [[nationalism]], and the supernatural, while also glorifying nature.
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