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Romanticism

55 bytes removed, January 17
Too wordy
[[File:Caspar David Friedrich The wanderer above the sea of fog 1818.jpg|right|thumb|300px|Caspar David Friedrich, ''The wanderer above the sea of fog'' (1818)]]
'''Romanticism''' was an innovative artistic, musical , and literary movement in the early 1800s which emphasized expressed thoughts, feelings, and nature. The Romantic period of art was also a period of rebirth for [[religion|religious values]]. Romanticism was a [[conservative]] backlash against [[atheist]]ic elements of the [[Enlightenment]] and its biased view of intelligence that emphasized [[rationalism]] at the expense of fundamental human emotion and imagination. In writing, Romanticism elevated the common man, [[nationalism]], [[freedom]], and the supernatural, while also glorifying nature.
[[America]]n literature typifying this era include [[Herman Melville]]'s ''[[Moby Dick]]'', [[Edgar Allan Poe]]'s writings, and the additional American writers [[Ralph Waldo Emerson]], [[Nathaniel Hawthorne]], [[Henry David Thoreau]], and [[Walt Whitman]]; writer [[Victor Hugo]] led this movement in [[Europe]] with his works readable by the common man.
The term "Romanticism" was coined because it originated in European regions of the "Romance Languages," namely French, Spanish and Italian. German and British Romanticism followed soon after. Other countries such as [[America]] and [[Canada]] also had Romantic art movements. Romanticism was a rebellion against [[Neoclassical|Neo-Classicism]], a movement that preceded it in the late 1600s and 1700s, and which obsessed with intellect while ignoring freedom and imagination.
 
In writing, Romanticism elevated the common man, [[nationalism]], [[freedom]], and the supernatural, while also glorifying nature.
[[Eugene Delacroix]] (1798-1863) was perhaps the most important of the [[French]] Romantic painters; in English literature, the Romantic movement was started by Lyrical Ballads (1798), poems co-authored by [[William Wordsworth]] (a ballad is a narrative poem), and additional poetry by the Englishmen [[John Keats]] and [[Samuel Taylor Coleridge]].
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