The term "Romanticism" was coined because it originated in European regions of the "Romance Languages," namely French, Spanish and Italian. Novelist [[Victor Hugo]] led this movement in [[Europe]] with his works readable by the common man. German and British Romanticism followed soon after. Other countries such as [[America]] and [[Canada]] also had Romantic art movements.
[[America]]n literature typifying this era include [[Herman Melville]]'s ''[[Moby Dick]]'', [[Edgar Allan Poe]]'s writings,
and the additional American writers [[Ralph Waldo Emerson]], [[Nathaniel Hawthorne]], [[Henry David Thoreau]], and [[Walt Whitman]].
[[Eugene Delacroix]] (1798-1863) was perhaps the most important of the [[French]] Romantic painters; in English literature, the ''Lyrical Ballads'' (1798), poems co-authored by [[William Wordsworth]] and [[Samuel Taylor Coleridge]] was an early example of this movement.