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In music, the [[Russia|Russian]] composer [[Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky|Tchaikovsky]] epitomized this movement.
[[File:Caspar David Friedrich The wanderer above the sea of fog 1818.jpg|right|thumb|300px|Caspar David Friedrich, ''The wanderer above the sea of fog'' (1818)]]
'''Romanticism''' was an innovative artistic, musical, and literary movement in the early 1800s which emphasized feelings, and nature. The Romantic period of art was also a period of rebirth for [[religion|religious values]]. Romanticism opposed elements of the [[Enlightenment]] that emphasized [[rationalism]] at the expense of human emotion and imagination. In writing, Romanticism elevated the common man, [[nationalism]], [[freedom]], and the supernatural, while also glorifying nature. In music, the [[Russia|Russian]] composer [[Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky|Tchaikovsky]] epitomized itthis movement.
The term "Romanticism" was coined because it originated in European regions of the "Romance Languages," namely French, Spanish and Italian. Novelist [[Victor Hugo]] led this movement in [[Europe]] with his works readable by the common man. German and British Romanticism followed soon after. Other countries such as [[America]] and [[Canada]] also had Romantic art movements.
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