Stephen Crane

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Stephen Crane (1871-1900) was an American author. His works include Maggie: A Girl of the Streets (1893), The Red Badge of Courage (1895), The Black Riders (1895), The Open Boat (1898), and "The Monster" (1899).[1]

Life and Works

He was born on November 1, 1871 in Newark, New Jersey, to a Methodist minister and a writer, though he was raised by his older sister Agnes. He studied at Claverack College, Lafayette College, and Easton University and got a job with the New York Times.[2] He published his first book, Maggie: A Girl of the Streets under the pseudonym Johnson Smith, to avoid backlash in its depictions of promiscuity and other unnecessary controversy.[3] Crane's best-known novel, The Red Badge of Courage, he wrote as an impressionistic novel of a Civil War soldier called Henry Fleming who desires a battle would to mask his pusillanimity in fleeing from a battle.[4] He later published his poetry in The Black Rider and his short stories in The Monster and Other Stories,[5] including the frequently anthologized "The Open Boat", "The Blue Hotel", and "The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky".[6]

After it made him famous, he continued as a reporter of the Spanish-American War and the Greco-Turkish War. He married a Cora Taylor and became financially ruined in England.[7] He died of tuberculosis at age 29.[8]


Stephen Crane appears on the cover of the Beatles album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.[9]

See also


External links