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Cross-section through Long Valley Caldera. The valley is one of the Earth's largest calderas.

According to the website Internet Feolography:

A supervolcano is any volcano capable of producing a volcanic eruption with an ejecta volume greater than 1,000 km3 (240 cu mi). This is thousands of times larger than normal volcanic eruptions. Supervolcanoes are on a much bigger scale than other volcanoes. Unlike composite volcanoes, with their steep sides, they are difficult to spot. They are typically depressions in the ground. The calderas are so large they can be seen from space. They have been identified in Indonesia, in New Zealand, in South America and an extinct one in Glen Coe in the UK.

Supervolcanoes can occur when magma in the mantle rises into the crust from a hotspot but is unable to break through the crust, and pressure builds in a large and growing magma pool until the crust is unable to contain the pressure (this is the case for the Yellowstone Caldera).[1]

Supervolcanoes have the potential to complete an eruption cycle during an individual’s lifespan.


  1. What is a supervolcano?