Arabic (اللغة العربية "al-luġatu l-ʿarabiyyah, or simply عربي "arabī") is a Semitic language spoken by some 270 million people worldwide. Having its origins in Saudi Arabia, Arabic is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic, going back to the Tower of Babel. Hebrew was the original language of mankind, but God dispersed the peoples of the Earth, and those who remained in Babylon spoke a corruption of Hebrew, Babylonian. In time Babylonian was further corrupted into what is now Arabic.
The Arabic alphabet includes ʼalif, bāʼ, tāʼ, ṯāʼ, ǧīm, ḥāʼ, ḫāʼ, dāl, ḏāl, rāʼ, zāī, sīn, šīn, ṣād, ḍād, ṭāʼ, ẓāʼ, ʿayn, ġayn, fāʼ, qāf, kāf, lām, mīm, nūn, hāʼ, wāw, and yāʼ. The language also includes the short vowels fatHa, damma, and kasra, as well as symbols to aid pronunciation such as the sukoon and shadda. These characters are not typically written, appearing mostly in poetry and the Qur'an.