Battle of Belmont

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Battle of Belmont
Began:

November 7, 1861

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Mississippi County, Missouri

Theater:

Western Theater

Campaign:

Operations at the Ohio and Mississippi River Confluence

Outcome:

Union victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Grant's Expeditionary Command,
District of Southeast Missouri

First Division,
Western Department

Commanders

Ulysses S. Grant
Brigadier General, USA

Gideon J. Pillow
Brigadier General, CSA

Strength

3,114

5,000 est.

Casualties

607
Killed: 120
Wounded: 383
Missing/captured: 104

641
Killed: 105
Wounded: 419
Missing/captured: 117

  

On November 6, 1861, Brig. Gen. U.S. Grant left Cairo, Illinois, by steamers, in conjunction with two gunboats, to make a demonstration against Columbus, Kentucky. The next morning, Grant learned that Confederate troops had crossed the Mississippi River from Columbus to Belmont, Missouri, to intercept two detachments sent in pursuit of Brig. Gen. M. Jeff Thompson and, possibly, to reinforce Maj. Gen. Sterling Price’s force. He landed on the Missouri shore, out of the range of Confederate artillery at Columbus, and started marching the mile to Belmont. At 9:00 in the morning, an engagement began. The Federals routed the Confederates out of their Belmont cantonment and destroyed the Rebel supplies and equipment they found because they did not have the means to carry them off. The scattered Confederate forces reorganized and received reinforcements from Columbus. Counterattacked by the Confederates, the Union force withdrew, reembarked, and returned to Cairo. Grant did not accomplish much in this operation, but, at a time when little Union action occurred anywhere, many were heartened by any activity. (NPS summary)