Battle of Bethel Church

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Battle of Bethel Church
Began:

June 10, 1861

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Tabb and Hampton, Virginia

Theater:

Eastern Theater

Campaign:

Blockade of Chesapeake Bay

Outcome:

Confederate victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Department of Virginia

Hampton Division

Commanders

Ebenezer W. Pierce
Brigadier General, USA

John B. Magruder
Colonel, CSA
Daniel H. Hill
Colonel, CSA

Strength

3,500

1,200

Casualties

79
Killed: 18
Wounded: 60
Missing: 1

8
Killed: 1
Wounded: 7

  

The first land battle in Virginia, the Battle of Bethel Church or Big Bethel began when Union Major General Benjamin F. Butler sent converging columns from Hampton and Newport News against advanced Confederate outposts at Little and Big Bethel. Confederates abandoned Little Bethel and fell back to their entrenchments behind Brick Kiln Creek, near Big Bethel Church. The Federals, under immediate command of Brigadier General Ebenezer Pierce, pursued, attacked frontally along the road, and were repulsed. Crossing downstream, the 5th New York Zouaves attempted to turn the Confederate left flank, but were repulsed. Unit commander Colonel T. Wynthrop was killed. The Union forces were disorganized and retired, returning to Hampton and Newport News. The Confederates suffered 1 killed, 7 wounded.