Battle of Cheat Mountain

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Battle of Cheat Mountain
Began:

September 12, 1861

Ended:

September 15, 1861

Location:

Cheat Mountain summit
Pocahontas and Randolph Counties, Virginia (now West Virginia)

Theater:

Eastern Theater

Campaign:

Operations in Western Virginia

Outcome:

Union victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png
Commanders

Joseph Reynolds
Brigadier General, USA

Robert E. Lee
General, CSA
Samuel R. Anderson
Brigadier General, CSA
Albert Rust
Colonel, CSA

Strength

1800

4500

Casualties

80

90

  

Gen. Robert E. Lee directed his first offensive of the war against Brig. Gen. Joseph Reynolds’ entrenchments on the summit of Cheat Mountain and in the Tygart Valley. The Confederate attacks were uncoordinated, however, and the Federal defense was so stubborn that Col. Albert Rust (leading the attacks) was convinced that he confronted an overwhelming force. He actually faced only about 300 determined Federals. Lee called off the attack and, after maneuvering in the vicinity, withdrew to Valley Head on September 17. In October, Lee renewed operations against Laurel Mountain with the troops of Floyd and Loring, but the operation was called off because of poor communication and lack of supplies. Lee was recalled to Richmond on October 30 after achieving little in western Virginia. (NPS summary)