Carter Glass

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Carter Glass
Portrait of Carter Glass.jpg
Former U.S. Senator from Virginia
From: February 2, 1920 – May 28, 1946
Predecessor Thomas S. Martin
Successor Thomas G. Burch
47th United States Secretary of the Treasury
From: December 16, 1918 – February 1, 1920
President Woodrow Wilson
Predecessor William McAdoo
Successor David F. Houston
Former U.S. Representative from Virginia's 6th Congressional District
From: November 4, 1902 – December 16, 1918
Predecessor Peter J. Otey
Successor James P. Woods
Former State Senator from Virginia's 20th District
From: December 6, 1899 – November 4, 1902
Predecessor Adam Clement
Successor Dan P. Halsey
Party Democrat
Spouse(s) Aurelia McDearmon Caldwell (died 1937)
Mary Scott

Carter Glass (January 4, 1858 – May 28, 1946) was a progressive segregationist Democrat from Virginia who served as a United States senator and Secretary of the Treasury under President Woodrow Wilson. He was also a fiscal conservative who allied with Harry F. Byrd in opposing most of the New Deal. Self-taught, Senator Glass was the leading Democrat to oppose FDR, and in particular blocked his court packing scheme.

Glass was prominent in addressing banking and the establishment of the Federal Reserve.[1] He sponsored the landmark Glass-Steagall Banking Act in 1933.[2]

Virginia state politics

Glass was elected to the Virginia legislature in 1899.[3] Glass was mostly responsible for the disenfranchisement of blacks in Virginia during the 1901–02 state constitutional convention through the use of poll taxes and literacy tests after the Southern Democrats took power.[4] The same convention also instituted progressive "reforms" aimed at targeting corporations.[3]

While Glass would sometimes show respect for individual blacks he knew, he viewed down on them as not being equal to whites.[3]

Glass (left) with Harry Flood Byrd, Sr. (right).

U.S. Senate

Glass supported Franklin D. Roosevelt for president in the 1932 election.[5]

Along with Harry F. Byrd, Glass initially supported some New Deal programs in the Senate though soon turned against them.[6] He backed the Tennessee Valley Authority in the early years of FDR's presidency as well as the Civilian Conservation Corps,[7] which he would oppose a decade later. Despite endorsing Roosevelt for re-election in 1936, he quickly expressed his strong disdain towards the federal programs spearheaded by the president.[5] Glass would effectively oppose Roosevelt's domestic policies after the 1937 court packing attempt.[8]

See also


  1. Glass, Carter. Retrieved April 21, 2021.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Carter Glass: The Most Significant Legislator in American Banking History. Fascinating Politics. Retrieved April 22, 2021.
  4. Editorial: Is it time to reappraise Carter Glass?. The Roanoke Times. Retrieved April 22, 2021.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Glass, Carter (1858–1946). Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved April 21, 2021.
  6. Carter Glass of Virginia. The Knoxville Focus. Retrieved April 21, 2021.
  7. Civilian Conservation Corps in Virginia, 1933-1942. University of Montana. Retrieved April 22, 2021.
  8. Supreme Court 1934-1938. Retrieved April 22, 2021.

External links

  • Biography at Britannica
  • Profile at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  • Biography at Federal Reserve History
  • Profile at U.S. Department of the Treasury